Ascocratera manglicola   Kohlm.,  1986 (Marine Fungus)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Fungi
Phylum:Ascomycota
Class: Dothideomycetes
Order:Pleosporales
Family:Lophiostomataceae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Ascomata 570-800 µm high, 750-1150 µm in diameter, conical with a flat base, erumpent from the substrate and superficial when mature, seated on a thin stroma, ostiolate, periphysate, epapillate, carbonaceous, black, with irregular bulges or ridges around the ostiole, gregarious, single or sometimes two or more attached to each other. Pseudoparaphyses trabeculate, septate.
Asci 300-420 x 22-30 µm, eight-spored, cylindrical, pedunculate, thick-walled, fissitunicate, with a refractive apical ring or cap, arising from a basal ascogenous tissue, composed of small cells.
Ascospores 50-65 x 15-20 µm, overlapping nonstichously in the ascus, ellipsoidal, initially one-septate and later becoming three-septate, constricted at the central primary septum, hyaline, surrounded by a gelatinous evanescent sheath.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kumbla INDIA (Record: 02/2001-05/2001)
• Karnataka, Kundapura INDIA (Record: 02/2001-05/2001)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 05/2005-05/2007)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta (Lat: 16.75) (Long: 82.33) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta (Lat: 16.23) (Long: 82.33) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta (Lat: 15.83) (Long: 80.75) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta (Lat: 15.91) (Long: 80.83) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Kerala, North Malabar INDIA (Record: 07/2006-09/2007)
• Kerala, Kavvai-Kunhimangalam Backwater INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Maria, GL and Sridhar, KR (2002) Richness and diversity of filamentous fungi on woody litter of mangroves along the west coast of India Current Science Current Science Association and the Indian Academy of Sciences 83(12) 1573-1580 Available at - http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/dec252002/1573.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sarma, VV (1999) Marine lignicolous fungi. A database on taxonomy NIO, Goa Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/fungi/index.htm
  • Vittal, BRP and Sarma, VV (2006) Diversity and ecology of fungi on mangroves of Bay and Bengal region - An overview Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 35(4) 308-317 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/items-by-author?author=Vittal%2C+B.P.R.
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2008) A checklist of marine fungi from Kerala state, India American-Eurasian Journal of Botany IDOSI Publications 1(3) 73-77 Available at - www.idosi.org/aejb/1(3)08/2.pdf
  • Sarma, VV and Vittal, BPR (2000) Biodiversity of mangrove fungi on different substrata of Rhizophora apiculata and Avicennia spp. from Godavari and Krishna deltas, east coast of India Fungal Diversity Fungal Diversity Press 5 23-41 Available at - www.fungaldiversity.org/fdp/sfdp/FD_5_23-41.pdf
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2009) Manglicolous Marine Fungi on Avicennia and Rhizophora along Kerala coast (India) Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research IDOSI Publications 4(1) 48-51 Available at - www.idosi.org/mejsr/mejsr4(1)/11.pdf
  • Nambiar, RG and Raveendran, K (2009) Manglicolous marine fungi of Kerala (south India) Botany Research International IDOSI Publications 2 (3) 206-210 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/bri/2%283%2909/14.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-07

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