Scarus russelii   Valenciennes,  1840 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 24-51 cm.

Max. weight reported: 1.1 kg.

Color: Color of initial phase reddish to purplish brown, with an orange-red bar on each scale; 5 dark bars often present on body. Color of terminal males blue-green, scales rimmed with salmon pink.

Body depth contained 2.5 to 2.9 times in standard length. Mouth slightly inferior; teeth fused in upper and lower jaws to form dental plates smooth, the individual teeth only visible at margins of plates; upper jaw enclosing lower jaw, lips almost covering dental plates with mouth closed; 0 to 2 canines on posterior side of upper and lower dental plates; 4 median predorsal scales; 2 rows of scales on cheek, with 6 (occasionally 7) scales in dorsal row and 6 (occasionally 5 to 7) scales in ventral row. Pectoral fin with 12 (occasionally 11 to 13) branched rays; caudal fin double emarginate with produced lobes in terminal phase fish.

Synonym (s)
Scarus russelii Valenciennes, 1840
Pseudoscarus chrysopoma Day, 1877
Pseudoscarus rivulatus (nec Valenciennes, 1877)
Scarus venosus (non Valenciennes, 1840)
(Misapplied name)
Xanothon fowleri Smith, 1956
(Junior synonym)
Xanothon pentazona (non Bleeker, 1861)
(Misapplied name)
Xanothon venosus (non Valenciennes, 1840)
(Misapplied name)

Common Name (s)
• Indian Parrotfish (English)
• Sahnee Moia (Telugu)
• Eclipse parrotfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Algae


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Red Sea
• Persian Gulf

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-05-13

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