Aigialus parvus   S. Schatz & Kohlm.,  1986 (Marine Fungus)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Fungi
Phylum:Ascomycota
Class: Dothideomycetes
Order:Pleosporales
Family:Pleosporales incertae sedis

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Ascomata 700-1000 µm high, 850-1200 µm wide, 245-315 µm thick, subglobose in frontal view, fusiform in sagittal section, laterally compressed, completely or three-fourths immersed in a black stroma, with a longitudinal furrow at the top, ostiolate, carbonaceous to coriaceous, black, gregarious, often close together.
Peridium two-layered; outer layer clypeiod near the ostiole, composed of elongate more or less irregular cells encrusted with melanin particles, interspersed with cells of the host; inner layer is composed of smaller, hyaline cells. Ostiole 50-70 µm diameter, depressed or slightly projecting, in the centre of the apical furrow, circular; ostiolar canal subglobose, filled with a network of branched or forked septate periphyses. Pseudoparaphyses trabeculate, unbranched at the base becoming branched and anastomosing above the asci, merging with the periphyses in the ostiolar canal, embedded in a gelatinous matrix.
Asci 325-440 x 29-37 µm, 8-spored, cylindrical, thick-walled, pedunculate, fissitunicate, with a refractive apical plate in the ectoascus and a refractive apical plate in the endoascus, not bluing in IKI.
Ascospores 45-60 x 16-23 µm, biseriate, ellipsoidal to broadly fusiform, muriform, with (9-) 10-11 (-12) transverse septa and 1-3 longitudinal septa in all but the end cells, slightly constricted at the septa, yellow-brown except for hyaline to light brown apical cells, glabrous with a gelatinous cap around apical and subapical cells.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA (Record: 02/2001-05/2001)
• Gujarat, Pirotan Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 05/2005-05/2007)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta (Lat: 16.75) (Long: 82.33) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Delta (Lat: 16.23) (Long: 82.23) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta (Lat: 15.83) (Long: 80.75) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Delta (Lat: 15.91) (Long: 80.83) INDIA (Record: 08/1993-11/1995)

Literature Source(s)
  • Maria, GL and Sridhar, KR (2002) Richness and diversity of filamentous fungi on woody litter of mangroves along the west coast of India Current Science Current Science Association and the Indian Academy of Sciences 83(12) 1573-1580 Available at - http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/dec252002/1573.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sarma, VV (1999) Marine lignicolous fungi. A database on taxonomy NIO, Goa Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/fungi/index.htm
  • Vittal, BRP and Sarma, VV (2006) Diversity and ecology of fungi on mangroves of Bay and Bengal region - An overview Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 35(4) 308-317 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/items-by-author?author=Vittal%2C+B.P.R.
  • Nambiar, GR and Raveendran, K (2008) A checklist of marine fungi from Kerala state, India American-Eurasian Journal of Botany IDOSI Publications 1(3) 73-77 Available at - www.idosi.org/aejb/1(3)08/2.pdf
  • Sarma, VV and Vittal, BPR (2000) Biodiversity of mangrove fungi on different substrata of Rhizophora apiculata and Avicennia spp. from Godavari and Krishna deltas, east coast of India Fungal Diversity Fungal Diversity Press 5 23-41 Available at - www.fungaldiversity.org/fdp/sfdp/FD_5_23-41.pdf
  • Sarma, VV; Hyde, KD and Vittal, BPR (2001) Frequency of occurrence of mangrove fungi from the east coast of India Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 455 41-53 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/n31v687x50x22l77/fulltext.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-06

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