Sphyraena flavicauda   Ruppell,  1838 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 40-60 cm.

Color: Body and head iridescent dark green above, silvery below. Dorsal fins dark blue green; anal and pelvic fins white; pectoral fins pale, with dusky patch; caudal fin dusky green.

Body elongate and slightly compressed; head large, with long pointed snout; preopercle with a produced membranous flap. Mouth large, the maxilla not extending to level of front edge of eye. Upper jaw with minute teeth at sides and 2 canines in front; lower jaw with small teeth at sides, few in number, with a single canine at symphysis; palatines with 2 to 4 pairs of moderate canines anteriorly and several small pairs posteriorly. First gill arch with a single raker at angle and second raker anterior to it on lower arm. Two widely separated dorsal fins; first fin with 5 spines, the second fin with 1 spine and 9 or 10 soft rays; first dorsal fin behind pelvic fin origin and tip of pectoral fins; height of dorsal fin less than postorbital length. Anal fin with 2 spines and 8 or 9 soft rays. Lateral line with 80 to 90 pored-scales.

Synonym (s)
Sphyraena flavicauda Ruppell, 1835
Sphyraenella chrysotaenia (Klunzinger) : Dutt and Rao, 1967
Sphyraena chinensis Lacepede : Jones and Kumaran, 1980
Sphyraena chrysotaenia (non Klunzinger, 1884)
(Misapplied name)
Sphyraena forsteri (non Cuvier, 1829)
(Misapplied name)
Sphyraena langsar Bleeker, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Sphyraena obtusata (non Cuvier, 1829)
(Misapplied name)
Sphyraenella flavicauda (Ruppell, 1838)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Shortjawed Barracuda (English)
• Fandiyarutholi
• Kolas
• Yellowtail Barracuda (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Mysids, shrimp/prawns, bony fish


• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Kerala, Ernakulam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-31

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