Halophryne trispinosus   (Gunther)  1861 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 285 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens light brown. Body and tail with broad, darker transverse bands, margined by still darker, sometimes connected by a broad longitudinal band. Lower side of head and belly light. Second dorsal with more or less distinct alternating, oblique, light and dark bands. The transverse bands of tail more or less continued on base of second dorsal and anal, last named has some dark markings along the tips of the rays. Caudal and pectorals light with dark, transverse bands. Ventrals with less distinct bands.

Height 4.1-5.3, 4.9-6.4 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-2.8, 2.9-3.4 in length with caudal. Eye 4.8-6.7, equal to or more than snout, and equal to flat interorbital space in young, and 1.4-3.6 in large specimens. Mouth scarcely oblique. Maxillary reaching to below hindborder of eye, not so far in young specimens. A single row of conical teeth in the jaws, in two rows at symphysis. A series of strong, conical teeth on the vomer and palatines, on the vomer an irregular second series of similar teeth. Head with simple or arborescent tentacles, some of them of rather large size on snout, above upper jaw, along chin, on sensory canals below eye, and on preopercle, subopercle, and opercle. A scalloped flap or tentacle above hinderpart of eye, another much smaller one above middle of eye. About 30 small tentacles in a row along back from above opercle to base of caudal, and in a row along belly, from base of pectoral to base of caudal. A few distant, similar tentacles in a row on sides of body and tail. A distinct pore in axilla of pectorals. Opercle with two spines. Subopercle with a single spine. Second dorsal spine longest, about equal to eye. Longest dorsal rays about equal to snout and eye, the last rays sometimes simple or rudimentary and attached by membrane to caudal peduncle. Anal less deep than second dorsal, the two anterior rays small, the last ray attached by membrane to the caudal peduncle. Pectorals rounded, less than postorbital part of head, ventrals scarcely shorter. Caudal rounded. Gill opening vertical, longer than base of pectoral.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Batrachus grunniens Cuvier and Valenciennes 1837
Batrachus grunniens Cantor 1850
Batrachus trispinosus Gunther 1861
Batrachus grunniens Day 1876
Bratrachus dubius Macleay 1883
Batrachomoeus trispinosus Bean and Weed 1912
Batrachus trispinosus Max Weber 1913
Batrachus grunniens Blegvad 1944
Batrachomoeus trispinous J. L. B. Smith 1952
Batrachus grunniens Mumo 1955

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1962)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-12

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