Platycephalus carbunculus   Valenciennes,  1833 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 170 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens light brown above, white below. Irregular darker, brown, transverse bands on body and tail and less distinct on head, where a dark brown blotch below eye is specially conspicuous. First dorsal with irregular bands and mar-morations on its outer half, second dorsal with similar, but less distinct markings. Anal white or with longitudinal rows of dark spots. Caudal, pectorals, and ventrals with transverse rows of dark spots or bands.

Height 7.3-9, 8.6-10.7 in length with caudal. Head 3, 3.5-3.6 in length with caudal. Eye 3.8-4.2, 1-1.2 in snout. Interorbital space concave, narrow, 3.5-4 in eye. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye. Villiform teeth in jaws, in two oval patches on vomer and in elongated bands on palatines. Anterior nostrils with a short flap, posterior ones with a short tube. A spine at the inner side of the anterior nostril, followed by some smaller ones. A spine in front of eye. Supraorbital ridge denticulated from above front border of pupil backwards, more densely so posteriorly, where the ridges diverge and are continued in the parallel superior postorbital ridges which bear 5 spines, the hinder most the longest. Inferior postorbital ridge with 6 spines, the first one, which is somewhat erect, immediately behind eye, the last, suprascapular one is followed by small spines on the 4 or 5 anterior scales of the lateral line. A small simple tentacle on eye, above middle of pupil. Suborbital ridge with a spine below front border of eye, another below middle of eye, and three to five postorbital ones, the last one at the upper base of the preopercular spine. Preopercular spine of moderate length, not reaching to gill opening. One or two spines below it. Two opercular spines. Postorbital part of head above, as well as preopercle and opercle scaly. About 12 rows of scales between dorsal and posterior end of superior postorbital ridges. First dorsal spine small, connected by a low membrane to the second which is slightly shorter than the third and longest one. Third spine equal to postorbital part of head. Longest dorsal rays about as long as longest spine. Anal less deep than second dorsal. Pectorals rounded, about as long as snout and eye. Fifth ventral rays simple, fourth longest, almost as long as head without snout. Caudal rounded. Scales of upper parts ctenoid, of lower parts cycloid or slightly ctenoid.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Platycephalus bobossok Bleeker, 1860
Platycephalus maculosus Peters, 1869
Platycephalus bobossok Bleeker, 1879
Thysanophrys bobossok Seale, 1910

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Record: 1860)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-06-01

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