Paracentropogon longispinis   (Cuvier,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Size: 100 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens dark brown or reddish brown, more or less mottled with lighter. Usually a white, round patch below dorsal spine, immediately above lateral line. Fins, specially soft dorsal and pectorals, with white mottlings.

Height 2.7-2.9, 3.4-3.8 in length with caudal. Head 2.6-3, 3.4-3.8 in length with caudal. Eye 2.9-3.5. Snout 1-1.3 in eye. Flat interorbital space 1.4-1.8 in eye. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching to below anterior half of eye. Villi form teeth in jaws, on vomer, and on palatines. Anterior nostril with a short flap, posterior nostril immediately in front of eye, in horizontal level of pupil. Preorbital with two spines, direct backwards, the anterior one much shorter than the posterior one, which is as long as eye. Hind border of preopercle with a strong spine, hardly shorter than the posterior preorbital one, and with about 4 short and blunt spines below it. Opercle with three spines. Origin of dorsal above middle of eye. First dorsal spine as long as snout and half eye, second spine about twice as long as first one, shorter than third, which is longest and equal to head without snout; following spines gradually decreasing in length to the last, which equals snout and eye. Soft dorsal rounded, all rays forked. First anal spine shorter, second spine longer than first dorsal spine, third longest and about as long as last dorsal spine. Soft anal somewhat rounded, all rays forked. Ventrals as long as head without snout. Pectorals somewhat longer, but not as long as head. With exception of the first, all pectoral rays are forked. Caudal slightly rounded.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Apistus longispinis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Apistus longispinis Quoy and Gaimard, 1834
Apistus hypselopterus Bleeker, 1851
Apistus fuscovirens Bleeker, 1852
Tetraroge longispinis Gunther, 1860
Gymnapistus hypselopterus Bleeker, 1864
Centropogon hypselopterus Bleeker, 1865
Prosopodasys (Tetraroge) longispinis Bleeker, 1872
Amblyapistus longispinis Day, 1875
Paracentrogopon longispinis Bleeker, 1879
Paracentropogon longispinis Steindachner, 1896
Paracentropogon longispinis Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Paracentropogon longispinis Herre and Meyers, 1937
Paracentropogon longispinis Fowler, 1938
Paracentropogon longispinis Herre, 1952

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers

Habitat:  Demersal



Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-04-08

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