Scolymia vitiensis   Brueggemann,  1877 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Mussidae

Image copyrights: Valerie Taylor

Description
Colour: usually dark green.

This is a mussid coral, usually solitary though older specimens commonly show bi or tri-centric calices. Single calice specimens, which are typical, may reach 25 cm tall and 8-10 cm diameter. Septa have large teeth and are sharp. Septa do not have the very enlarged lobes and the living coral does not have the transparent tissue found in Cynarina, the other solitary mussid. There is probably only one Indian Ocean species in this genus. The genus is much more common in the Caribbean. There is a wide latitudinal variation in this species. In temperate localities it is usually solitary, saucer-shaped and less than 60 mm in diameter. In the tropics it becomes colonial and septo-costae slope up from the centre to an indistinct wall, then down to the periphery. Secondary centres may occur near the colony centre and also around the periphery. Septo-costae are sturdy with large blunt teeth.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 3 490 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2011) Animal discoveries 2010 Zoological Survey of India 1-107 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/right_menu/Animal_disc/Animal%20Discovery%202010.pdf
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/

Page last updated on:2011-08-23

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