Pterois zebra   Quoy and Gaimard  1824 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Scorpaeniformes
Family:Scorpaenidae

Description
Size: 200 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens light reddish brown, body and tail with broad, darker brown transverse bands, bordered more or less by blackish lines. A silvery white band from eye to posterior part of maxillary, a dark brown band through eye and cheek, another over occiput immediately behind eye, followed by one which runs down along opercle, where it is interrupted by a silvery white blotch. These markings less distinct with age. Vertical fins hyaline, the spines and rays ringed with dark brown, forming rows of spots on the fins. Pectoral membrane very dark brown, rays white, with transverse dark brown bands giving to the fin the appearance of being crossed by light and dark wavy bands. Ventral membranes dark bluish or grey, the rays light, a few rows of small light spots on the membranes near the tip of the fin.

Height equal to head, 2.4-2.7, 3.2-3.5 in length with caudal. Eye 3.3-3.6, 1-1.2 in snout and more than very concave interorbital space. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye in large specimens, to below middle of eye in young. Villi form teeth in jaws and on vomer, none on palatines. Occipital region and sides of head covered with cycloid scales, interorbital space and snout naked, but interorbital space covered with very small scales in large specimens. Nostrils close together, the anterior ones with a flap. A pointed spine between them, not developed in young specimens. Preorbital with a series of tentacles, overhanging upper lip. Supraorbital ridge with smaller and larger spines, apparently increasing in number with age. Interorbital space with two low ridges, diverging behind eyes and continued as superior postorbital ridges on occiput, more distinct in young than in old specimens. Superior postorbital ridges with 3 or 4 spines, the anterior one separated from the others, and with another spine below it, between the superior and inferior postorbital ridges. Inferior postorbital ridges with smaller and larger spines, increasing in number with age. Suborbital ridge almost smooth in young, with a great number of spines in old specimens, ending in a small, blunt spine on preopercular edge, which has a few still smaller spines. No distinct suprascapular spine. A poorly developed, flat opercular spine. First dorsal spine as long as snout and eye, 8th dorsal spine longest, slightly longer than base of spinous dorsal, in young specimens slightly shorter. Soft dorsal rounded, its longest rays in length between first and second dorsal spines. First anal spine much shorter than second, third longest, about as long as postorbital part of head. Soft anal rounded, its longest rays slightly longer than those of soft dorsal. Median rays of pectorals deeply forked, upper and lower ones simple, membrane of lower rays only deeply incised. Pectoral reaching on caudal peduncle. Ventrals as long as head. Caudal rounded. Scales of back feebly ctenoid, those of belly cycloid.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Pterois zebra Cuvier and Valenciennes 1829
Pterois zebra Bleeker 1852
Pterois zebra Gunther 1860
Pterois zebra Day 1875
Pseudomonopterus (Dendrochirus) zebra Bleeker 1879
Pterois zebra Macleay 1881
Pterois volitans M. Weber 1895
Pterois zebra Barnard 1927
Dendrochirus zebra Fowler 1928
Brachirus zebra Whitley 1932
Brachirus zebra Matsubara 1943
Dendrochirus zebra J. L. B. Smith 1950
Dendrochirus zebra Herre 1952
Dendrochirus zebra Munro 1955

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1962)
• INDIA (Record: 1962)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Majumdar, N (1984) On a collection of birds from Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh Occasional paper no 65 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 23012 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-04-07

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