Scorpaenopsis oxycephalus   (Bleeker)  1849 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 300 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens yellowish brown. Fins with a network of white, encircling gray blotches bordered with dark brown, most distinct on caudal in a large specimen.

Height 3.2-3.3, 3.9-4.1 in length with caudal. Head 2.5, 3.1 in length with caudal. Eye 5.3-6, 2-3 in snout, and slightly more than very concave interorbital space. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of eye, posteriorly as deep as eye. Villi form bands of teeth in jaws and on vomer, none on palatines. Head naked, with exception of preopercle and opercle. A depression before eye, in which the posterior nostrils are situated. A short but sharp spine in front of them, medial of the anterior nostrils, which have a long flap. A smooth median ridge from between posterior nostrils to anterior part of interorbital space, flanked by two parallel smooth ridges, diverging slightly posteriorly and then converging again and connected behind eye by a convex ridge, the convexity of which is directed towards the shallow occipital pit behind it. Supraorbital ridge with 3 spines, directed backwards. No orbital tentacles. Superior and inferior postorbital ridges each with 3 spines. Suborbital ridge with 5 spines, directed backwards, excepting the first, which is erect and small, the 4th and 5th close together on preopercular edge, two small spines below them. A moderately deep depression anteriorly and below eye. Two opercular ridges ending in spines. Cutaneous filaments or tentacles along chin and lower jaw, along preopercular edge, none or few only along lateral line. Ten to eleven scales between head and origin of dorsal. Scales ctenoid, excepting those of thoracal region and belly, which are cycloid and much smaller. Origin of dorsal above second half of opercle. First dorsal spine less than half length of second, third and fourth spines longest, somewhat longer than snout, 11th spine equal in length to first, 12th spine as long as 9th. Soft dorsal rounded, the longest ray as longest dorsal spine. First anal spine half length of second, which is longest and strongest and about as long as snout. Soft anal some what rounded, the longest ray as long as eye and snout. Pectorals as long as head without snout. Upper pectoral rays branched, the others simple. Ventrals as long as pectorals, ventral spine as long as 7th dorsal spine. Caudal slightly rounded.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scorpaena oxycephalus Kner 1867
Scorpaenopsis oxycephala Sauvage 1873
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa Day 1875
Scorpaenopsis oxycephalus Bleeker 1879
Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa Herre 1952

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1962)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-05

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