Uraspis helvolus [Status Unaccepted]   (Forster,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: Keoki stender

Description
Color: Brownish with 7 dark brown crossbands on body, which are wider than the interspaces, carried across on to the dorsal and anal fins in juveniles; in adults brown bands or blotches on body; color of mouth distinctive.

Body oblong and compressed,its depth 2.1 to 2.4 times in standard length. Eyes with feebly developed adipose lids. Teeth in both jaws numerous, conspicuous, acute and curved, in 2 or 3 rows in juveniles and uniserial in adults; tongue and palate covered with thick membranes. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent spine (completely embedded in skin) and 8 normal spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 25 to 29 soft rays; first dorsal fin low, second dorsal fin high. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 19 to 21 soft rays; anal fin spines almost embedded in skin. Pectoral fins short in young, in adults long and falcate, reaching beyond join of curved and straight lateral lines. Lateral line with a low regular arch anteriorly, becoming straight below about middle of second dorsal fin; normal or retrorse scutes present on straight lateral line. Scales small, breast naked, naked area interrupted by a scaly patch to the naked area of pectoral fins.


Synonym (s)
Scomber helvolus Forster, 1775
Caranx guptae Chaudhuri, 1909
Uraspis helvola Reuben, 1967

Common Name (s)
• White Mouth Crenalle (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Off Andhra Pradesh Coast INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Off Orissa Coast INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Red Sea (Record: 1984)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Stender, GK and Stender, YO Marinelifephotography.com Available at - http://www.marinelifephotography.com/
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-13

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