Ophiocara porocephala   (Valenciennes,  1837) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 320mm.

Color: Dark green to dark olivous above, lighter below. Body with dark longitudinal stripes. In large specimens each scale of body has a dark base, the longitudinal line become indistinct. Fin membranes dusky to violet, rays orange. Second dorsal, anal and caudal fin bordered with reddish orange. Finrays of second dorsal and caudal fin spotted. Head, body, second dorsal and anal fin with yellowish orange spots, in young specimens irregularly placed, in adult in rows. Young specimens with 2-5 transversal silvery bands, the first before insertion of first dorsal fin, the second between first and second dorsal fin, the third below second dorsal fin, the fourth behind second dorsal fin, the fifth on base of caudal fin. Some of these bands may be absent.

Body elongate, anteriorly cylindrical, posteriorly compressed, height 4 1/3 in length, 5-6 in total length. Head depressed, 2 3/4 - 3 in length, 3 1/2 - 4 in total length. Profile straight to convex. Eye 4-7 in head, interorbital 1-2 1/2 eye diameter. Snout pointed, as long as, or a little shorter than eye, tip before middle of eye. Anterior nostrils near margin of snout, in short tubes. Lower jaw prominent. Maxillary extends to below middle or posterior part of eye. Teeth in many rows, outer row only a little enlarged, subequal. In lower jaw some teeth of inner row may be enlarged. Some mucous canals radiate under eye. Two indistinct longitudinal mucous canals on cheek. Some open pores, one on snout on each side before posterior nostril, in interorbital one open pore medially and 2 open pores on each side near eye, one behind each eye, 2-4 along posterior margin of preopercle. Supraopercular groove distinct. Scales of body ctenoid. Head totally scaled. Scales of head, nape, breast and belly cycloid to ctenoid. First dorsal fin half as high as body, second, third and fourth rays are the longest. Second dorsal fin higher than the first. Anal fin shorter than second dorsal fin. Pectoral fin rounded, about as long as head without snout. Ventral fin about as long as pectoral fin. Caudal fin rounded, a little shorter than head, in large specimens more lanceolate and about as long as head.

Remarks: Values in above description deonte proportions.

Synonym (s)
Eleotris porocephala Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1837
Eleotris viridis Bleeker, 1849
Eleotris porocephala Cantor, 1850
Eleotris porocephala Bleeker, 1853
Eleotris kuak Thiolliere, 1856
Eleotris scintillans Blyth, 1860
Eleotris ophiocephalus Gunther, 1861
Eleotris ophiocephalus Playfair, 1866
Eleotris ophiocephalus Day, 1870
Eleotris ophiocephalus Gunther, 1877
Ophiocara ophiocephalus Bleeker, 1877
Agonostoma darwiniense Macleay, 1878
Eleotris porocephalus Day, 1889
Eleotris scintillans Day, 1878
Eleotris litoralis Day, 1889
Eleotris ophiocephalus Sauvage, 1891
Eleotris porocephala Perugia, 1893
Eleotris ophiocephalus Steindachner, 1901
Ophiocara porocephala Fowler, 1905
Ophiocara porocephala Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Eleotris porocephalus M. Weber, 1913
Eleotris (Ophiocara) porocephalus M. Weber, 1913
Eleotris ophiocephalus Pietschmann, 1913
Ophiocara darwiniensis McCulloch and Ogilby, 1919
Ophiocara porocephala Herre, 1927
Ophiocara ophicephalus Fowler, 1928
Meuschenula darwiniensis Whitely, 1931
Ophiocara porocephala Herre, 1936
Ophiocara porocephala Koumans, 1937
Ophiocara porocephala Aurich, 1938
Ophiocara darwiniense Koumans, 1940
Ophiocara porocephala Harry, 1948
Eleotris limosus Smith, 1936
Eleotris litoralis Day, 1876
Eleotris madagascariensis Valenciennes, 1837
Eleotris ophicephalus Valenciennes, 1837
Eleotris porocephalus Valenciennes, 1837
Eleotris porocephala Valenciennes, 1837
Ophiocara darwiniensis (Macleay, 1878)
Ophiocara limosus (Smith, 1936)
Ophiocara porocaephala (Valenciennes, 1837)
Ophiocara porocephala darwiniense (Macleay, 1878)
Ophiocara procaephala (Valenciennes, 1837)

Common Name (s)
• Northern Mud Gudgeon (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mehta, R; Mehta, HS and Rajan, PT (1989) Caudal skeleton in some perciform fishes and its value in systematics Journal of Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 5(2) 108-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-23

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