Trachinotus botla   (Shaw,  1803) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 75.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); common length 60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Max. published weight: 2,300 g

Color: Body blue black above, silvery below with a tinge of yellow; 5 to 6 spots in longitudinal row on sides of body (above 200 mm SL), with only anterior 3 or 4 spots present at 100-200 mm, the anterior 3 spots large, larger than eye. Dorsal and anal fin lobes dark.

Body ovate and strongly compressed, its dorsal and ventral profiles nearly convex. Snout blunt; upper jaw (maxilla) reaches almost to front edge of pupil. Jaws with small, villiform teeth in bands; vomer and palatines with teeth at all sizes; no teeth on tongue; vomer tooth patch small and oval. Gill rakers 11 to 15 on lower arm of first arch. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent spine and 6 normal spines, very short and almost embedded in skin; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 22 to 23 soft rays. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by spine and 20 or 21 soft rays; second dorsal and anal fins with anterior falcate lobes. Pectoral fins rounded, as long as head without snout. Scales on body small anteriorly, larger and more conspicuous posteriorly. Lateral line nearly straight.

Synonym (s)
Scomber botla Shaw, 1803
Trachynotus russellii Cuvier : Day, 1876
Palinurichthys umhlangae Smith, 1949
(Junior synonym)
Scomber botla Shaw, 1803
(Senior synonym)
Trachinotus botla (Shaw, 1803)
(Senior synonym)
Trachinotus russelii Cuvier, 1832
Trachinotus russelli Cuvier, 1832
Trachinotus russellii Cuvier, 1832
Trachynotus russelii Cuvier, 1832

Common Name (s)
• Largespot Pampano (English)
• Ladagoo (Marathi)
• Largespotted dart (English)
• Russel’s pompano (English)
• Mulaali
• Thol paarai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries and gamefish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Crabs, mussels, and worms


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-01-17

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