Trachinotus baillonii   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); common length 35.0 cm TL (male/unsexed).

Max. published weight: 1,500 g.

Color: Grayish green above with 1 to 6 spots on body, usually second and third spots largest (smaller than eye) with about one half of spot below lateral line; spots developing on specimens at about 60 mm SL; belly silvery. Dorsal and anal fin lobes dark.

Body subovate and strongly compressed, its depth 2.2 to 2.7 times in standard length. Snout blunt, the profile from inter-orbital to second dorsal fin origin convex. Eye diameter 3.4 to 4.2 times in head length. Upper jaw (maxilla) reaching to front edge of pupil or nearly so. Small villiform teeth in band in jaws; no teeth on tongue; teeth on vomer and palatines; vomer tooth patch chevron-shaped. Gill rakers 15 to 19 on lower arm of first arch. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent spine (almost embedded in skin) and 5 or 6 normal, small spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 21 to 25 soft rays. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 20 to 24 soft rays. Pectoral fins short, not falcate; pelvic fins short. Scales small rounded and conspicuous. Lateral line slightly curved anteriorly.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Caesiomorus bailloni Lacepede, 1802
Trachynotus baillonii Day, 1876
Caesiomorus baillonii Lacepede, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Caesiomorus quadripunctatus Ruppell, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Trachinotus baillonii (Lacepede, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Trachinotus cuvieri Wakiya, 1924
(Ambiguous synonym)
Trachinotus jordani Wakiya, 1924
(Junior synonym)
Trachinotus oblongus Cuvier, 1832
(Junior synonym)
Trachinotus quadripunctatus (Ruppell, 1829)
(Junior synonym)
Trachinotus bailloni (Lacepede, 1801)
Trachynotus bailloni (Lacepede, 1801)
Trachynotus baillonii (Lacepede, 1801)
Trachynotus jordani Wakiya, 1924
Trachynotus oblongus (Cuvier, 1832)

Common Name (s)
• Baillon's Dart (English)
• Mookalee (Tamil)
• Valla Oodoo (Malayalam)
• Parruvu (Malayalam)
• Ladagoo (Marathi)
• Veli
• Anjupulli
• Vali (Mahl)
• Smallspotted Dart (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries and gamefish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes and crustaceans
Predator:  Trachinotus baillonii


• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-13

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