Eleotriodes muralis   (Quoy Gaimard) Cuvier Valencienne  1837 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Gobiidae

Description
Size: 170 mm.

Color: Greenish red above, lighter to pearl like red below. Head on each side with 3 oblique adscendent stripes. Body with 3 longitudinal red stripes, the uppermost near dorsal profile, the undermost from axilla to caudal. Fins yellow to orange. First dorsal fin with many oblique red stripes, tip most with small black spot. Second dorsal fin on basal half with 2 longitudinal red bands, outer half with many transverse oblong red spots. Base of pectoral fin most with irregular red blotch. Anal fin with red basal stripe. Caudal fin with red ocelli, irregularly placed. Inner side of mouth black.

Body elongate, compressed, height 5 1/2 in length, 7-9 in total length. Head obtuse, compressed, 3 1/2 in length, 4 1/2 - 5 in total length. eye 4-5 in head, interorbital 1/2-2/3 eye diameter. Snout obtuse, convex, longer than eye, tip before or a little below inferior margin of eye. Jaws equal. Maxillary extends to below anterior half of eye. Teeth conical, in upper jaw in one row, on each side 3-5 caninoid teeth in front. In lower jaw teeth in front in two rows, laterally in one row, in front on each side 5-6 enlarged teeth of outer row, laterally of these teeth a curved canine, inner row in front with 3-7 enlarged teeth. Supraopercular groove not very distinct. Open pores as in E. strigatus. Head and median part of nape naked, scales laterally on nape very small. Scales of body ctenoid, becoming larger towards caudal. Dorsal fins subcontinuous. First dorsal fin about as high as , or a little lower than body, third and fourth, sometimes second, third and fourth rays are the longest, a little prolonged beyond the membrane. Second dorsal and anal fin anteriorly lower than body, posteriorly higher than body. Pectoral fin obtuse, longer than head without snout. Ventral fin shorter than head without snout. Caudal fin in young specimens rounded, a little longer than head, in adult obtusely pointed.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Eleotris trabeatus Richardson 1843
Eleotris muralis Bleeker 1850
Eleotriodes muralis Bleeker 1857
Eleotris muralis Gunther 1861
Eleotris lineato-oculatus Kner 1867
Eleotris muralis Gunther 1877
Valenciennesia muralis Bleeker 1877
Eleotris muralis Day 1889
Eleotris muralis Sauvage 1882
Eleotris caledonicus Sauvage
Valenciennea muralis Jordan and Snyder 1901
Valenciennea aruensis Ogilby 1910
Valenciennea muralis McCulloch and Ogilby 1919
Valenciennea muralis Herre 1927
Valenciennea muralis Fowler 1928
Calleleotris (Gergobius) muralis Whitely 1932
Valenciennea muralis Herre 1936
Valenciennea muralis Fowler 1938
Valenciennea aruensis Koumans 1940
Eleotriodes muralis Koumans 1941

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• INDIA (Record: 1953)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-04

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