Selar crumenophthalmus   (Bloch,  1793) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed).

Color: Body green blue on back, silvery white below; operculum with a dark brown spot; fins pale green, tips of caudal fin dusky.

Body oblong and moderately compressed. Eyes large, 2.7 to 3.0 in head length; upper jaw (maxilla) reaches to front edge of pupil. Adipose eyelids well developed and reach on to pupil leaving the eye as a narrow slit. A deep furrow on lower margin of gill opening. Teeth fine, in both jaws in a single series, except that in large specimens the upper jaw has 2 or 3 series anteriorly forming a narrow band. Gill rakers 23 to 27 on lower arm of first arch. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent spine (not always visible) and 8 normal spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 24 to 26 soft rays; dorsal and anal fin bases equal. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 21 to 23 soft rays. Pectoral fins short and falcate. Lateral line slightly curved anteriorly, becoming straight below middle of soft dorsal fin; with 32 to 38 scutes, largest scute 9 to 10 times in body depth.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Travels in compact groups of hundreds of thousands of fish. Juveniles up to 13 cm caught with light tackle.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Selar crumenophtalmus (Bloch, 1793)
Caranx crumenophthalmus Day, 1876
Caranx blochii Cuvier, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Caranx crumenophthalmus (Bloch, 1793)
(Senior synonym)
Caranx daubentonii Lacepede, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Caranx macrophthalmus Ruppell, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Caranx mauritianus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
(Junior synonym)
Caranx plumieri (Bloch, 1793)
(Junior synonym)
Caranx torvus Jenyns, 1841
(Junior synonym)
Scomber balantiophthalmus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Scomber crumenophthalmus Bloch, 1793
(Senior synonym)
Scomber plumieri Bloch, 1793
(Junior synonym)
Selar crumenophthalmus (Bloch, 1793)
(Senior synonym)
Trachurops brachychirus Gill, 1862
(Junior synonym)
Trachurops crumenophthalmus (Bloch, 1793)
(Senior synonym)
Trachurops crumenophthalmus crockeri Nichols, 1935
(Junior synonym)
Trachurus crumenophthalmus (Bloch, 1793)
(Senior synonym)
Caranx crumenophtalmus (Bloch, 1793)
Selar crumenopthalmus (Bloch, 1793)
Trachiurops crumenophthalmus (Bloch, 1793)

Common Name (s)
• Bigeye Scad (English)
• Horse Mackerel (English)
• Karaba Bangada (Gujarati)
• Chamban (Malayalam)
• Karaba Bangada (Marathi)
• Karkata Bangada (Marathi)
• Chooparai (Tamil)
• Murimas
• Bangada
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish, bait.
Reported to cause ciguatera poisoning.)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Small shrimps, benthic invertebrates, forams, zooplankton and fish larvae


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 11.65) (Long: 79.9) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 40 mts)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti Island (Lat: 10.85) (Long: 72.18) INDIA (Record: 03/1954)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Kerala, Calicut INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Balan, V (1958) Notes on a visit to certain islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, with special reference to fisheries Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 55 (2) 297-306 Available at -
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Sreenivasan, PV (1974) On two new records of carangid fishes from Indian seas Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 21 (1) 20-28 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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