Scolopax rusticola   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyright: pbase

Size: The Eurasian Woodcock, Scolopax rusticola is a medium-small wader. Adults are 33-38 cm in length, including the 6-7 cm long straight bill, and have a 55-65 cm wingspan

Color: Above, brownish grey blotched and barried with black, rufous and buff. Hindcrown, nape and rump cross-barred black and rufous. Below, chin white; rest of underparts brownish white cross-barred with dark brown. Sexes alike.

The male performs a display flight called 'roding' at dusk during courtship. Flying with a flickering action and downward pointing bill. It utters several croaks followed by a sharp squeak during this performance.

Their breeding habitat is damp wooded areas. They nest on the ground in an open wooded location. These birds forage by probing in soft soil in thickets, usually well hidden from sight.

Breeding: season, in Himalayas, April to July. Nest, a depression in the ground lined with dry leaves, etc., well concealed amongest bracken, dwarf rhododendron or other undergrowth, preferably near a wooded stream. Eggs, 4, pale clay color to deep buff, boldly blotched with pale reddish brown and grey.

Synonym (s)
Scolopax rusticola ultimus (Koelz, 1954)
Scolopax indicus (Hodgson, 1837)

Common Name (s)
• Eurasian Woodcock (English)
• Woodcock (English)
• Vana chor, Van pankhapunch garkhod (Gujrati)
• Simteetar, Tuteetar (Hindi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic

Habitat:  Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Earthworms, and insects
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Kerala (Lat: 10.52) (Long: 75.60) INDIA
• Manipur (Lat: 24.68) (Long: 93.90) INDIA
• Kashmir (Lat: 34.30) (Long: 76.81) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman & Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Nagaland INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Animal Photo Album Available at -
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Pande S, Sant N, Ranade S, Pednekar S, Mestry P, Deshpande P, Kharat S and Deshmukh V (2007) Avifaunal survey of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, January 2007 Indian Birds 3 (5) 162–180pp Available at -,%20January%202007.pdf
  • Choudhury A (2001) Some bird records from Nagaland, north-east India Forktail 17 91-103pp Available at -
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at -,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1969) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 2 1-337pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-08-31

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