Platybelone argalus platyura   (Bennett,  1832) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: Max length 38.2 cm SL (male/unsexed); common length 30.0 cm SL (male/unsexed)

Color: Bluish green above, silvery white below, with a dark blue stripe along sides of body. Dorsal, anal and pelvic fins hyaline.

Body elongate, rounded in cross section, its depth 17 to 19 times in standard length. Upper and lower jaws greatly elongated and studded with fine teeth. Five or six developed gillrakers on first hypo-branchial besides a number of rudiments. Eyes large, 1.3-2.1 times in postorbital distance. Dorsal fin with 12 to 15 soft rays; anal fin with 17 to 20 soft rays. Caudal peduncle strongly depressed, much wider than deep, with sharp, lateral, almost leaf-shaped keels; lateral line passes underneath carina. Caudal fin forked, the upper and lower lobes of equal length.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarder, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Oviparous. Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Belone platyura Bennett, 1832
Belone persimilis (nec Gunther) Balan, 1958
Belone carinata Valenciennes, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Belone dorsalis Whitley, 1932
(Junior synonym)
Belone persimilis Gunther, 1909
(Junior synonym)
Belone platyura Bennett, 1832
(Senior synonym)
Esox teatae Curtiss, 1938
(Junior synonym)
Platybelone argalus (non Lesueur, 1821)
(Misapplied name)
Platybelone argalus platyura (Bennett, 1832)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Bennett's Needlefish (English)
• Dethuntholi (Mahl)
• Keran (Malayalam)
• Oola (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes


• Lakshadweep Sea INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-04-06

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