Hyporhamphus quoyi   (Valenciennes,  1847) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Beloniformes
Family:Hemiramphidae

Image copyrights: Hippocampus-Bildarchiv

Description
Size: Max length 31.2 cm SL (male/unsexed)

Color: Body dark green above, silvery white below and with silver lateral stripe on sides. Fins hyaline, caudal and upper part of dorsal fin more or less dusky. Beak black with fleshy red tip.

Body almost cylindrical. Upper jaw blunt and rounded, scaly, much wider than long, its length 1.5 to 2.4 times in eye diameter; lower jaw short, its length upto 2.0 times in head length. Teeth conspicuously tricuspid, in broad bands in both jaws. Gill rakers on first arch 26 to 34. Dorsal fin with 15 to 17 soft rays; anal fin with 14 to 16 soft rays. Origin of pelvic fins about midway between base of pectoral fins and origin of lower lobe of caudal fin. Caudal fin forked.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Hemirhamphus quoyi Valenciennes, 1846
Hyporhamphus quoyi Talwar, 1962
Hemiramphus gaimardi Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Hemiramphus limbatus (non Valenciennes, 1847)
(Misapplied name)
Hemiramphus melanurus Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Hemiramphus mioprorus Jordan & Dickerson, 1908
(Junior synonym)
Hemiramphus quoyi Valenciennes, 1847
(Senior synonym)
Hemirhamphus gaimardi Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Hemirhamphus melanurus Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Hyporamphus gaimardi (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Junior synonym)
Hyporhamphus balinensis (non Bleeker, 1859)
(Misapplied name)
Reporhamphus caudalis Whitley, 1951
(Junior synonym)
Hemiramphus micropterus Jordan & Dickerson, 1908
(Misspelling)
Hemirhamphus gaimard Valenciennes, 1847
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Short Nosed Halfbeak (English)
• Common Halfbeak
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; marketed mostly fresh and dried salted.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic algae/weeds, amphipods, benthic copepods, insects, isopods, ostracods, polychaetes

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-13

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