Spirographis spallanzanii   Viviani,  1805 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Sabellida
Family:Sabellidae

Description
Size: 35-300 mm. by 2-10 mm.

Color: Very variable. Gills more or less streaked. Body brown.Tube mud colored

Moderately elongated, abruptly tapering behind. Two dorsal and two ventral lobes of the collar. Intermittent brown streaks on the branchial filaments.Abdomen with only dorsal uncini and ventral winged capillary setae. Tube tough and erect. Body cylindrical, abruptly tapering behind. Branchial lobes very unequal; one is circular and the other is 2-6 times spirally coiled. Two short slender grooved palps. Collar with two dorsal lobes and two ventral ones, thick and turned down. Pygidium with two small rounded papillae.


Synonym (s)
Nereis lutraria Pallas, 1766
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sabella (Spirographis) tricyclia Schmarda, 1861
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sabella gracillima Kinberg, 1866
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sabella unispira Cuvier, 1816
(Heterotypic synonym)
Spirographis elegans Quatrefages, 1866
(Heterotypic synonym)
Spirographis gracilis Hansen, 1882
(Heterotypic synonym)
Spirographis imperialis Hansen, 1882
(Heterotypic synonym)
Spirographis longispira Quatrefages, 1866
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Mumbai, Chowpatty INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai, Cuffe Parade INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Dahanu INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Arnala INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Alibag INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Devgarh INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Goa, Calangute INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Goa, Marmagao Harbour INDIA (Record: 1971)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.08) (Long: 73.05) INDIA (Record: 1981)

Literature Source(s)
  • Parulekar, AH (1971) Polychaetes from Maharashtra and Goa Journal of Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 68(3) 726-749 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wikimedia Commons Available at - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
  • Parulekar, AH (1981) Marine fauna of Malvan, central west coast of India Mahasagar - Bulletin of National Institute of Oceanography NIO 14(1) 33-44 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-20

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