Odontella aurita   (Lyngbye) C. A. Agardh,  1832 (Diatom)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Bacillariophyceae
Order:Triceratiales
Family:Triceratiaceae

Image copyrights: Plankton net

Description
Size: Diameter (apical axis) 10-97 µm.

Color: Yellow brown.

This is a bipolar centric species. Cells can occur singly but are usually found, united by their spines into chains. These can be of considerable length, particularly in culture. Valves are elliptical and valve view with cone shaped processes in the corners of the valve. The connecting spines arise from the valve centre where they are slightly diverging after arising from the valve surface. Valves are coarsely areolated. 8-11 valve areolae occur in 10 µm. In empty/ cleaned valves this areolation is clearly seen with light microscopy. Healthy cells contain numerous chloroplasts which are kidney shaped or elliptical.

Reproduction is general for group: both sexual and asexual.


Synonym (s)
Biddulphia aurita (Lyngbye) Brebisson in Brebisson & Godey, 1838
Diatoma auritum Lyngbye, 1819
(Basionym)
Biddulphia aurita (Lyngbye) Brebisson, 1838

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Producer
Predator:  Marine microorganisms and animal larvae

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Off Tuticorin (Lat: 8.71) (Long: 78.2) INDIA (Record: 1987-1989)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.9) (Long: 72.66) INDIA (Record: 11/2001-10/2002, 04/2002-05/2002)

Literature Source(s)
  • Subramanian, SK and Krishnamurthi, MS (1997) Studies on the species composition of neritic diatoms in the aquatic realm off Tuticorin Coast in the Gulf of Mannar-Bay of Bengal Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 1-11 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Plankton*Net Data Provider at the Alfred Wegener Insitute for Polar and Marine Research Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10013/de.awi.planktonnet
  • D’Costa, PM and Anil, AC (2010) Diatom community dynamics in a tropical, monsoon-influenced environment: West coast of India Continental Shelf Research Elsevier B.V. 30(12) 1324-1337 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2010.04.015

Page last updated on:2011-03-14

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