Clerodendron inerme   (L.) Gaertn.  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order:Lamiales
Family:Verbenaceae

Image copyrights: Forest & Kim Starr

Description
Size: 1-1.8 m tall.

Evergreen sprawling shrub. Stems woody, smooth. Leaves ovate to elliptical (5-10 cm) long, acute to acuminate tip, green, smooth, slightly shiny upper 2 surface, pinnate venation, margins entire, leaves opposite, simple. Cyme or umbel usually comprised of 3 flowers joined at a common base point; corolla white, fused, with 5 lobes; stamens 4, reddish to purple and upwardly curved. Fruit green turning black, 1 – 1.5 cm long, obovoid.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Seaside clerodendrum (English)
• Embrert (English)
• Indian privet (English)
• Glorybower (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Valued in landscaping as a groundcover or hedge plant. It has has attractive evergreen foliage and fragrant white flowers that form in clusters and are accented by delicate red protruding stamens. Seaside clerodendrum, as its name suggests, grows well along the beach tolerating the salt spray of the ocean and the harsh rays of the sun. It is a versatile plant and can be grown as a topiary or as a bonsai.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Achra INDIA
• Gujarat, Purna Estuary (Lat: 20.88) (Long: 72.73) INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Gujarat, Purna Estuary (Lat: 21.01) (Long: 72.91) INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Goa, Baga Creek INDIA
• Goa, Nerul Creek INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Subarnarekha Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka, Kundapura INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Bhavnagar Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala, Poyya (Lat: 10.21) (Long: 76.23) INDIA (Record: 4/2008-8/2008)
• Kerala, Koshavankunnu INDIA (Record: 4/2008-8/2008)
• Kerala, Chenthurutti INDIA (Record: 4/2008-8/2008)

Literature Source(s)
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at - http://www.eol.org/
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • Bhatt, S; Shah, DG and Desai, N (2009) The mangrove diversity of Purna estuary, south Gujarat, India Tropical Ecology International Association for Ecology, Cambridge University Press. 50(2) 287-293 Available at - www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_50_2/J-09.pdf
  • Untawale, AG; Dwivedi, SN and Singbal, SYS (1973) Ecology of mangroves in Mandovi & Zuari estuaries & the interconnecting Cumbarjua canal of Goa Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 2 47-53 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jagtap, TG; Desai, K and Rodrigues, R (2003) Coastal vegetation: patterns in a tourist region Coastal tourism, environment, and sustainable local development TERI 131-150 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rodrigues, RS; Mascarenhas, A; Jagtap, TG (2011) An evaluation of flora from coastal sand dunes of India: Rationale for conservation and management Ocean & Coastal Management Elsevier B.V. 54(2) 181-188 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.11.005
  • Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) Available at - http://www.hear.org/
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Saritha, MK; Tessy, PP (2011) Mangroves of Poyya backwaters of Thrissur district, Kerala, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India 53(1) 8-13 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-15

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