Xylocarpus moluccensis   (Lamk.) Roem.  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Sapindales
Family:Meliaceae

Image copyrights: National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise (BR)

Description
Size: 6-10 m tall

Trees 20-50 cm in girth with small buttresses and many pointed pneumatophores; bark dark grey, fissured; leaves pinnate, leaflets dark green with pointed tips; capsule woody, orange-sized.Flowers 2-3 cm across, red glandular within, on sparingly-branched, axillary thyrses; staminal teeth obscure; anthers exceeding the staminal teeth; stigma cupular. Fruits 10-18 cm across, globose, woody; seeds 2-4 cm in diameter; tetrahedral angular margined due to compression; testa smooth, corky.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Cedar Mangrove (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Mangroves of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Available at - http://forest.and.nic.in/frst-mangroves1.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Ng, PKL and Sivasothi, N (eds.) (2001) Guide to mangroves of Singapore Available at - http://mangrove.nus.edu.sg/guidebooks/contents.htm
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at - http://www.mangroveindia.org
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-24

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