Aspergillus fumigatus   Fresen.,  1863 (Marine Fungus)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Fungi
Phylum:Ascomycota
Class: Eurotiomycetes
Order:Eurotiales
Family:Trichocomaceae

Image copyrights: doctorfungus.org

Description
The organism is characterized by green echinulate conidia, 2.5 to 3 micrometer in diameter, produced in chains basipetally from greenish phialides. 6 to 8 by 2 to 3 micrometer in size. A few isolates of Aspergillus fumigatus are pigmentless and produce white conidia. The chains of conidia are borne directly on broadly clavate vesicles (20 to 30 micrometer in diameter) in the absence of metulae. No sexual stage is known for this species. Aspergillus fumigatus is a fast grower: the colony size can reach 4 ± 1 cm within a week when grown on Czapek-Dox agar at 25°C. It is a thermophilic species, with -growth occurring at temperatures as high as 55°C and survival maintained at temperatures up to 70°C.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(The main portal of entry and site of infection for Aspergillus fumigatus is the respiratory tract. Other sites of infections in the normal or immunocompromised host, such as the skin, peritoneum, kidneys, bones, eyes, ears, brain, sinuses, gastrointestinal tract, and as a result of trauma, nonrespiratory infections are infrequent. AIDS cases are mostly secondary, due to steriod administration and neutropenia. Animal cases were described. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kagh Island INDIA (Record: 12/1960-01/1961)
• (Lat: 15.55) (Long: 80.66) INDIA (Record: 09/1987) (Depth: -50 mts)
• (Lat: 17.41) (Long: 83) INDIA (Record: 09/1987) (Depth: -51 mts)
• Kerala, Mangalvan (Lat: 10) (Long: 76.3) INDIA (Depth: 1 mts)
• Kerala, Mangalvan (Lat: 9.98) (Long: 76.26) INDIA (Depth: 1 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.45) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• Orissa, Ganjam Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthukuda INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Gupta, R and Prabhakaran, N (1990) Fungi isolated from the EEZ of Indian coast Proceeding of first Workshop on Scientific Results of FORV Sagar Sampada, 5-7 June 1989 National Institute of Oceanography, India 37-46 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/2448/2/Proc_FORV_Sagar_Sampada_1990_37.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • The Aspergillus website The Fungal Research Trust Available at - http://www.aspergillus.org.uk
  • Rai, JN; Tewari, JP and Mukerji, KG (1966) Mycoflora of mangrove mud Mycopathologia Springer 38(1-2) 17-31 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02051672
  • Doctorfungus Available at - http://www.doctorfungus.org/
  • Prabhakaran, N and Gupta, R (1990) Activity of soil fungi of Mangalvan, the mangrove ecosystem of Cochin backwater Fishery technology(India) Society of Fisheries Technologists, India 27 157-159 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/2430/2/Fish_Technol_27_157.pdf
  • Muthezhilan, R; Ashok, and Jayalakshmi, S (2007) Production and optimization of thermostable alkaline xylanase by Penicillium oxalicum in solid state fermentation African Journal of Microbiology Research Academic Journals 1(2) 20-28 Available at - http://www.academicjournals.org/ajmr/abstracts/abstracts/abstrats2007/July/Muthezhilan%20et%20al.htm
  • Panda, T (2010) Some sugar fungi in coastal sand dunes of Orissa, India Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research Academic Journals 1(5) 73-80 Available at - http://www.academicjournals.org/JYFR/PDF/Pdf2010/July/Panda.pdf
  • Sasi, A; Kani, SM; Jagadeesh, G; Singh, CR and Kumar, RM (2009) Isolation and enumeration of mycosybionts from leucosolenia; along the east coast of Tamil nadu, India Asian Jr. of Microbiol. Biotech. Env. Sc. Global Science Publications 11(4) 907-912 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints11/Asian_J_Microbiol_Biotechnol_Environ_Sci_11_907.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-29

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