Carangoides equula   (Temminck and Schlegel,  1844) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Maximum 22 cm; common 16 cm

Color: Blue/green above, silvery below; soft dorsal and anal fins yellow but dusky black below fin margin on anterior half of fins, and chalky white anterior tips; caudal and pelvic fins yellow; vertical bands present on body, sometimes vague.

A deep-bodied, much compressed carangid. Head profile almost straight. Eye diameter 3.5 times in head length. Upper jaw reaching to below anterior half of eye. Teeth in both jaws in villiform bands. 1st dorsal fin with 1 forward-pointing spine (partially embedded in skin) and 8 normal spines; 2nd dorsal fin with 1 spine and about 25 soft rays. Pectoral fins long and falcate. Anal and dorsal fin bases about equal in length. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 23 soft rays. Breast fully sealed. Anterior part of lateral line strongly arched, becoming straight under 13th soft dorsal fin ray, arched portion much longer than straight portion.

Synonym (s)
Carangoides acutus Kotthaus, 1974
Carangoides dasson (Jordan & Snyder, 1907)
Caranx dasson Jordan & Snyder, 1907
Caranx equula Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
Kaiwarinus equula (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)

Common Name (s)
• Whitefin Trevally (English)
• Whitefin Cavalla (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Utilized as a food fish. Cultured and released for fishery in Japan; ornamental fish)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small crustaceans and fishes


• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/2004-12/2004)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Gajbhiye, SN; Mehta, P; Mustafa, S and Nair, VR (1995) A case study on the impact of industrial effluents disposal on the fisheries of Amba river estuary, Maharastra Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 25-38 Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Khan, SA; Ramesh, S and Lyla, PS (2008) Diversity of coral reef fishes in cuddalore waters, south-east coast of India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 55(3) 221-226 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-13

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