Coilia ramcarati   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: Max length 25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Body golden brown, with darkish pigmentation behind gill opening; fins hyaline.

Body compressed, deepest under dorsal fin base, tapering evenly to caudal fin; belly rounded under pectoral fin base, becoming keeled and more compressed behind pelvic fin base, with 5 pre-pelvic and 10 or 11 post-pelvic scutes. Snout equal to eye; maxilla tip pointed, extending to articulation of lower jaw. Dorsal fin preceded by a small scute-like spine. Pectoral fin with 6 or 7 rays filamentous. Pelvic fin with 9 or 10 rays, its base a little before vertical from first dorsal fin ray. Anal fin long, confluent with caudal fin. Gill rakers on lower arm of first arch 29 to 30, slender.

Synonym (s)
Mystus ramcarati Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Coilia ramcarati Day, 1878
Coilia quadragesimalis Valenciennes: Day, 1878
Coilia cantoris Bleeker, 1853
(Junior synonym)
Coilia quadragesimalis Valenciennes, 1848
(Junior synonym)
Engraulis hamiltonii Gray, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Mystus ramcarati Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Coilia cantoris Bleeker: Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Tapertail Anchovy (English)
• Anchovy (English)
• Manangu (Kannada)
• Cheru Manangu (Malayalam)
• Kava Chella (Malayalam)
• Kava Pala (Malayalam)
• Manangu (Malayalam)
• Mullanmanangu (Malayalam)
• Nedumanangu (Malayalam)
• Poruva (Tamil)
• Engallu (Telugu)
• Poravalu (Telugu)
• Frill-tailed Golden Anchovy (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Ganges River Mouth INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Mohana (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at -
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Clupeidae Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-04

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