Abudefduf saxatilis vaigiensis   (Quoy and Gaimard,  1825) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 18.3-20 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens bluish or brownish, lighter below, the scales of body and tail sometimes with a light, horizontal, median, streak. Five vertical dark brown or blackish bars, slightly less broad than the interspaces. The first on nape, immediately before dorsal, reaching to axil of pectoral, the second between 4th and 6th dorsal spines, ending before ventral median line, the third below 10th to 11th dorsal spines, almost reaching to origin of anal, the fourth below posterior spines and anterior rays, reaching on base of middle of anal, the fifth on middle of caudal peduncle. Dorsal and anal lighter or darker brown, the spinous dorsal sometimes almost black. Posterior part of soft dorsal and anal hyaline. A dark blotch at base of posterior dorsal rays may be present. Caudal dark or light brown, lighter distally. Pectorals yellowish hyaline, a triangular black spot at its base superiorly. Ventrals grayish.

Height 1.7-1.9, 2.4-2.6 in length with caudal. Head 3.1-3.4, 4.2-4.6 in length with caudal. Length of head 1.2-1.5 in its height. Eye 3-3.6, equal to or somewhat more or less than snout and 1-1.3 in somewhat convex inter orbital space. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching to below front border of eye or to below nostril in large specimens. Teeth truncate or slightly bifid, in a single series. No notch between pre- and suborbital, the edges of which are smooth. Preorbital naked, suborbital scaly posteriorly. Height of suborbital below middle of eye one fourth or one fifth of diameter of eye. 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 transverse rows of scales on preopercle, the inferior limb scaly. A narrow posterior limb naked. Scales on upper part of head reaching to between nostrils, the anterior scales smaller than the others. First dorsal spine somewhat less than eye, fourth to seventh spines longest, equal to snout and eye or somewhat less. Soft dorsal pointed, the longest rays slightly less than head. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is slightly longer than longest dorsal spines. Soft anal pointed, the longest rays slightly shorter than longest dorsal rays. Ventrals with the first ray produced, slightly shorter than pectorals and as long as head. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed. Four scales between lateral line and scaly sheath of dorsal below last spine. Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11 - 14; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 11 - 13.

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding. Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate. Males guard and aerate the eggs.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Chaetodon rotundus Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus sexfasciatus Lacepede, 1802
Glyphisodon vaigiensis Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Glyphisodon rahti Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Glyphisodon waigiensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Chaetodon tyrrwhitti Bennett, 1834
Glyphisodon rahti Schlegel and Muller, 1841
Glyphisodon waigiensis Bleeker, 1847
Glyphisodon rahti Cantor, 1850
Glyphisodon rahti Bleeker, 1852
Glyphidodon coelestinus Gunther, 1862
Glyphidodon saxatilis Kossmann and Rauber, 1876
Glyphidodon coelestinus Day, 1877
Glyhidodon coelestinus Bleeker, 1877
Glyphidodon saxatilis Gunther, 1881
Glyphidodon coelestinus Macleay, 1881
Glyphidodon saxatilis Steindachner, 1901
Glyphisodon saxatilis Jordan and Snyder, 1902
Glyphidodon saxatilis Steindachiner and Denkschr, 1902
Glyphisodon saxatilis Waite, 1904
Abudefduf saxatilis Jordan and Seale, 1907
Abudefduf saxatilis Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Glyphidodon coelestinus Gilchrist and Thompson, 1908
Abudefduf saxatilis M. Weber, 1913
Abudefduf saxatilis saxatilis de Beaufort, 1913
Glyphisodon saxatilis McCulloch, 1922
Glyphisodon saxatilis Barnard, 1927
Glyphidodon coelestinus Vinciguerra, 1926
Abudefduf saxatilis Montalban, 1927
Abudefduf saxatilis Fowler and Bean, 1928
Abudefduf saxatilis Fowler, 1928
Glyphisodon saxatilis McCulloch, 1929
Glyphisodon saxatilis Whitely, 1929
Abudefduf sexfasciatus Wu, 1931
Abudefduf saxatilis Fowler, 1931
Abudefduf saxatilis Fowler, 1937
Abudefduf saxatilis Herre, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Indo-Pacific sergeant (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton, benthic algae, and small invertebrates.


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-02

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