Hemiramphus lutkei   (Valenciennes,  1846) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Shao, K.T.

Size: Maximum about 40 cm total length; standard length 30 cm (from tip of upper jaw to base of caudal fin); common to 25 cm standard length.

Color: Iridescent blue, belly silvery, with lateral silvery band bordered by narrower black stripe. Dorsal and caudal fins bordered with black.

Compressed body with a short, triangular upper jaw. It is broader than long, scaleless. Teeth are arranged in 2 to 4 distinct series. Total gill rakers 33 to 46 (usually 36 to 41) on first arch. Dorsal fin has 13 to 15 soft rays while anal fin has 11 to 13 soft rays. Pectoral fins are long and it is nearly 4.5 to 5.4 times in standard length. Origin of pelvic fins twice nearer base of caudal fin than the angle of mouth. Caudal fin is deeply forked and its lower lobe is much longer than upper lobe. Predorsal scales 35 to 43, usually 37 to 41.

Synonym (s)
Hemiramphus fasciatus Bleeker, 1853
(Junior synonym)
Hemiramphus japonicus Brevoort, 1856
Hemiramphus marginatus (non Forsskal, 1775)
(Misapplied name)
Hemiramphus lutkei Valenciennes, 1846
Hemirhamphus georgii Day (nec Valenciennes), 1877
Hemirhamphus marginatus Talwar (nec Forsskal), 1968

Common Name (s)
• Lutke's Halfbeak (English)
• Lutkei Halfbeak (English)
• Mural (Tamil)
• Sarabara
• Lutke's Halbeak (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh and dried salted)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine


• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents

Page last updated on:2010-04-15

Back to Search