Pomacentrus prosopotaenia   Bleeker  1852 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 193 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens yellowish or brownish. Most scales of head and belly with a white spots, elongated into longitudinal stripes on the scales of the sides, back, and tail. A narrow white band connecting front border of eye. A similar band from eye to middle of upper lip, where the bands of both sides are connected by a similar band along upper lip. Another band below eye over suborbital, crossing corner of mouth to chin, interrupted or broken into short stripes in its lower course, the bands of both sides not meeting. Two parallel bands on chin behind this band, broken into short stripes or rows of spots. A small dark blotch at origin of lateral line. Interorbital space or snout darker than rest of upper part of head. An indistinct darker transverse band below spinous and another below soft dorsal. Axil of pectoral deep black, bordered by a white line superiorly this ocellus covered by the base of the fin, except superiorly. Fins hyaline dusky or yellowish, anal with a broad grayish terminal and narrow white sub terminal band. Anas black.

Height 2.2-2.3, 2.9-3 in length with caudal. Head 3.2-3.3, 4.1-4.3 in length with caudal. Length of head 1.1-1.2 in its height. Eye 3.7-4, 1.2-1.4 in snout and 1.1-1.2 in scarcely convex interorbital space. Mouth somewhat oblique. Maxillary reaching slightly beyond vertical through nostril. Teeth conical or somewhat truncate, in two series, those of the inner row more slender. Preorbital and suborbital without scales. Posterior part of preorbital and anterior part of suborbital of the same depth, the suborbital rapidly decreasing in depth posteriorly, its lower border, which is strongly denticulated, therefore oblique. Three transverse rows of scales on preopercle, the inferior and posterior limbs with smaller deciduous scales. Posterior border of preopercle with numerous pointed denticulations. Scales on upper part of head reaching to a line connecting front borders of eyes. Dorsal spines increasing in size posteriorly, the last spine equal to snout and eye or somewhat shorter. The membranes between the spines slightly incised. Soft dorsal rather pointed, the longest rays equal to or somewhat more than head without snout. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is equal to postorbital part of head. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals and ventrals sub-equal, about half length of snout shorter than head. Caudal forked, the lobes rounded.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Pomacentrus prosopotaenia Gunther, 1862
Pomacentrus perspicillatus Kner, 1865
Pomacentrus albofasciatus Day, 1877
Dischistodus prosopotaenia Bleeker, 1877
Pomacentrus prosopotaenia Day, 1888
Pomacentrus prosopotaenia Montalban, 1927
Pomacentrus prosopotaenia Fowler and Bean, 1928
Dischistodus prosopotaenia Whitley, 1929

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1940)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar INDIA (Record: 1940)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-08

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