Taeniura lymma   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 35.0 cm WD

Color: Dorsal surface brownish yellow, with bright blue spots which are smaller and more numerous towards the perimeter of disc, spots absent o tail; two broad bright blue lines extend along dorsal surface of tail as far as back as first serrated spine; undersurface of disc whitish.

Disc oval, or rhomboid, about 0.8 times as wide as long; skin smooth, except for tubercles along mid-line of back and over shoulders. Eyes prominent, its diameter equal to interorbital width. Spiracles dorso-laterally situated, about as long as eyes. Mouth small and curved, with 2 buccal processes. Tail longer than disc, with 1 or 2 serrated spines at its midpoint; a ventral cutaneous fold extends from below origin of anterior spine to tip of tail. Dorsal surface of disc smooth in young, rough in adults with some fine asperities near middle of disc.

Dioecious, internal (oviduct) fertilization, internal live bearers. Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialized structures. Distinct pairing with embrace. Distinct pairing with embrace. Bears up to 7 young.

Synonym (s)
Raja lymma Forsskal 1775
Taeniura lymma Misra 1969
Raja lymma Forsskal 1775
(Senior synonym)
Taeniura lymma (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Trygon ornatus Gray 1830
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Reef stingray (English)
• Ribbontail Ray (English)
• Ribbontail Stingray (English)
• Blue Spotted Fan Tail Ray
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium.
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(This ray is commonly taken where heavy artisanal and small-scale commercial fisheries occur in or around coral reef habitats. Additionally, it may possibly be exploited locally for capture for the marine aquarium trade. It is at risk in many areas because of its dependence on coral reef habitats. These are under massive assault from net, dynamite and cyanide fisheries for teleosts in many places where the species occurs.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, molluscs, worms, shrimps, and crabs


• Maharashtra, Murud INDIA
• INDIA (Record: 1984)
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Humbe, A; Bangale, PP; Pokale, SN; Patil, PS (2009) A checklist of Tapeworms in Marine Fishes from West coast of Maharashtra state,India Bioinfolet Dr. Anil M. Mungikar 6(3) 278-279 Available at - http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:bil&volume=6&issue=3&article=033&type=pdf
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4056/1/Special_Publn_95.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-01

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