Callyodon erythrodon   (Valenciennes)  1840 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scaridae

Description
Size: 280 mm.

Color: Dark brown or purple, center of scales generally darker. Tail sometimes lighter. Head without bands or with a few narrow green bands above upper lip and on chin. Fins brown or purple, dorsal, anal and caudal with a more or less distinct dark edge.

Height 2.9, 3.3-3.7 in length with caudal. Head 2.8-2.9, 3.1-3.7 in length with caudal. Height of head 1.2 in its length. Eye 4.4-5.6, 2.2 in snout and 1.7 in inter orbital space. Nostrils minute. Lips rather broad in young, narrow in adult. Teeth pink. A posterior canine may be present. Inner upper lip poorly developed. Two rows of scales on cheek, inferior preopercular limb naked. Dorsal spines sub equal, equal to distance between rictus and eye. Dorsal rays scarcely longer than spines. Anal as deep as dorsal. Pectorals half length of snout shorter than head. Ventrals about equal to post orbital part of head. Caudal somewhat rounded, the lobes slightly produced in adults.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Scarus erythrodon Cuvier and Valenciennes 1839
Scarus sumbawensis Bleeker 1848
Scarus gymnognathus Bleeker 1853
Pseudoscarus gymnognathus Bleeker 1862
Pseudoscarus sumbawensis Bleeker
Pseudoscarus sumbawensis Gunther 1862
Pseudoscarus erythrodon Guichenot 1865
Pseudoscarus erythrodon Gunther 1866
Pseudoscarus erythrodon Day 1877
Pseudoscarus goldiei Macleay 1882
Pseudoscarus erythrodon Sauvage 1891
Pseudoscarus sumbawensis Steindachiner 1900
Pseudoscarus sumbawensis Seale 1901
Callyodon erythrodon Jordan and Evermann 1905
Callyodon erythrodon Jordan and Seale 1906
Callyodon erythrodon Steindachner 1906
Pseudoscarus erythrodon Gunther 1909
Callyodon erythrodon Fowler and Bean 1928
Callyodon erythrodon Fowler 1928
Scarus erythrodon Herre 1936
Callyodon erythrodon Fowler 1938

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1940)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-12-22

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