Callyodon fasciatus   (Valenciennes)  1840 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scaridae

Description
Size: 350 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens reddish brown or yellowish oliver. Most scales of body with a longitudinal light band, narrowly bordered by darker. Head reddish brown or purple above. Snout, sides and underpart of head pinkish with numerous anastomosing and meandering yellow bands, narrowly bordered with dark. These bands bordered on lips and chin. Upper part of head with some similar short stripes. Dorsal creamy with a pinkish terminal longitudinal band, bordered below with a dark line. A more or less distinct yellowish dark edged blotch between each of the posterior rays. anal greenish or yellowish basally, the outer half lighter, separated from the basal part by a narrow dark longitudinal stripe. Caudal reddish, the lobes somewhat darker. Sometimes longitudinally elongate dark edged yellow blotches in two vertical rows are present on this fin. Pectorals pinkish or yellowish, the first and second branched rays as well as the base of the fin purplish, sometimes this purple band is broken up into elongate blotches and round spots, edged with darker purple. Ventrals yellow, spine and first ray more orange.

Height 2.4-2.8, 2.9-3.5 in length with caudal. Head 2.8-3, 3.4-3.7 in length with caudal. Height of head equal to its length. Eye 7.7-7.8, 3.4-3.5 in snout and 2.6-2.9 in convex inter orbital space. Lips rather broad, covering greater part of dental plate. Inner upper lip very short, its connection with the outer lip much nearer to rictus than to symphysis of upper jaw. Anterior nostril with a low rim, posterior one round, with a very short anterior flap. Dental plate yellowish. Two transverse rows of scales on cheek, the lower one consisting of 6 scales. A third row of 1-2 scales on posterior part of inferior preopercular limb. Six to seven scales before dorsal. Dorsal spines subequal, about twice eye. Dorsal rays slightly longer. Third anal spine as long as dorsal spines. Soft anal somewhat less deep than dorsal. Pectorals about half length of snout shorter than head. Ventrals equal to snout and eye. Caudal truncate, the lobes slightly produced.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Scarus fasciatus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1839
Scarus rivulatus Cuvier and Valenciennes
Scarus rivulatoides Bleeker 1849
Scarus micrognathos Bleeker
Pseudoscarus rivulatus Bleeker 1862
Pseudoscarus rivulatus Gunther 1862
Pseudoscarus rivulatus Day 1877
Pseudoscarus rivulatus Macleay 1881
Callyodon fasciatus Jordan and Seale 1906
Scarus fasciatus Whitely 1926
Callyodon fasciatus Fowler and Bean 1928
Callyodon fasciatus Fowler 1928
Callyodon fasciatus Chevey 1932
Callyodon fasciatus Fowler 1938

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1940)
• INDIA (Record: 1940)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-12-22

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