Mustelus mosis   Hemprich & Ehrenberg,  1899 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 150 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Body reddish gray above, dull white ventrally.

A small shark, with an elongate and slender body; snout markedly pointed and long; adults with a hard, bone-like growth embedded in snout, readily felt by pinching it. Nostrils with long, broad nasal flaps that do not reach mouth; no nasoral grooves; 5 gill slits, the last 2 over the pectoral fin bases; eyes horizontally oval, dorsolateral on head, with well-developed nictitating lower eyelids partially inside the eye openings; spiracles moderately large; mouth broadly angular; labial furrows moderately long, not reaching mouth, the uppers about as long as, or slightly longer than lowers; teeth small, alike in both jaws, blunt-crowned, not bladelike, without cusplets and with low cusps only in young. First dorsal fin on back between pectoral and pelvic fin bases, its origin over pectoral inner margins; second dorsal fin almost as large as first dorsal, and much larger than anal fin, as origin well in front of anal fin; caudal fin with lower lobe short in adults and hardly developed in young. An interdorsal ridge present; caudal peduncle without keels or precaudal pits. Valvular intestine with a spiral valve. Skin fairly smooth.

Dioecious, internal (oviduct) fertilization, internal live bearers. Viviparous, with 6 to 10 young in a litter; born at 26-28 cm. Distinct pairing with embrace.

Synonym (s)
Mustelus canis (non Mitchill, 1815)
(Misapplied name)
Mustelus manazo (non Bleeker, 1854)
(Misapplied name)
Mustelus vulgaris (non Cloquet, 1821)
(Misapplied name)
Squalus mosis Ehrenberg, 1815
Mustelus manazo Bleeker: Day, 1878

Common Name (s)
• Gummy Smooth Hound (English)
• Kajari Mager (Marathi)
• Pal Sorrah (Telugu)
• Arabian Smooth Hound (English)
• Hardnosed Smooth Hound
• Kajari Magar (Gujarati)
• Pal Sorrah (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Utilized as a foodfish.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Small bottom fishes, mollusks, and crustaceans
IUCN Status:  Data Deficient


• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Red Sea
• Gujarat INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at -
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at -
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-10

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