Halichoeres hyrtli   (Bleeker)  1856 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 108 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens creamy, lighter below. Scales of body generally with a light reddish brown spot. A median dark brown or violet band on snout, bifurcating before interorbital space, running along base of dorsal and united again on back of caudal peduncle. A similar band from upper lip to eye, continued behind eye over operculum and opercular flap along sides to middle of caudal base, where it ends in a black, light edged ocellus. Immediately behind eye this band is crossed by a vertical narrow greenish grey stripe and a dark blue broader vertical stripe. Generally a branch from the longitudinal band runs from here to upper part of opercle. A triangular dark brown spot superiorly at base of pectoral. Dorsal whitish two or three wavy longitudinal dark grayish bands, the lower one deep black between first and second or first and third spines, bordered above by white and forming an elongate ocellus. In the posterior part of the spinous dorsal and on the soft dorsal the grayish bands form reticulations or series of rings. Anal creamy, uniform. Caudal grayish, with faint vertical rows of small white round spots. Pectorals and ventrals creamy.

Height 3.4-3.7, 4-4.4 in length with caudal. Head 2.8-3.1, 3.3-3.7 in length with caudal. Height of head 1.3-1.6 in its length. Eye 5.5-6, 1.9-2 in snout and equal to or slightly less than nearly flat interorbital space. Mouth moderate, somewhat oblique. Corner of mouth half eye diameter below level of lower border of eye. Lips thick, plated, the inner plate crenulated. Teeth pointed, increasing in size anteriorly, the foremost pair in the upper and in the lower jaw canines. Head naked, excepting above, where the scales begin behind eye. About 12 rows of scales before dorsal, these scales much smaller than those of sides of body. Similar small scales between isthmus and ventrals. Dorsal spines stiff and pungent, first as long as eye, second and third about half diameter of eye longer, last spine twice as long as eye. Soft dorsal not higher than spinous part, rounded behind. First anal spine minute, third longest, equal to eye. Soft anal slightly less deep than soft dorsal, truncate behind. Pectorals equal to postorbital part of head. Ventrals without produced rays, as long as snout and eye together. Caudal rounded.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Julis mola Cantor 1850
Julis (Halichoeres) hyrtlii Bleeker 1856
Halichoeres hyrtli Bleeker 1862
Platyglossus hyrtelii Gunther 1862
Platyglossus bifasciatus Steindachiner 1866
Platyglossus hyrtlii Day 1877
Platyglossus bilineatus Karoli 1882
Halichoeres hyrtli Jordan and Seale 1907
Halichoeres hyrtlii Fowler and Bean 1928
Halichoeres hyrtlii Fowler 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1940)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-12-17

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