Halichoeres leucurus   (Walbaum,  1792) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Kuiter, R.H.

Size: 133 mm.

Color: In preserved specimens reddish brown, cheeks and preorbitals violet. A chalky pinkish band from tip of snout to upper margin of eye. A second band from corner of mouth, touching lower border of eye, widened on operculum. Two similar bands below it, parallel with each other and with the upper one, running from chin, the first to base of pectorals, the lower one to above base of ventrals. Body with indications of darker lines along the longitudinal rows of scales. Dorsal and anal grayish, with a white edge and brownish oblique bars. Caudal brownish, with vertical bars, the distal part white in this way, that the outer rays are white for their distal half, the following rays gradually with less white, so that the inner most rays have only a white tip. Pectorals and ventrals hyaline. Males recognized by the grey-looking head when seen in natural light. Body with lined pattern until female stage. Males with orange spots along scale rows.

Height 3.3, 4 in length with caudal. Head pointed, 3.2, 3.9 in length with caudal. Height of head 1.4 in its length. Eye 4, 2.2 in snout and 1.3 in convex inter orbital space. Mouth small, horizontal, slightly below level of lower border of eye. Maxillary by far not reaching to below nostril. A single row of pointed, somewhat curved teeth in the jaws (besides some very small granular teeth on the inner side of the jaws), increasing in size anteriorly, the 6 front ones in the upper and the 4 front ones in the lower jaw moderate canines or caninoids. A posterior canine at corner of mouth. Head naked, exception above, where the scales begin above hinder part of eye. About 15 rows of scales before dorsal, the anterior ones much smaller than those of the body. Similar small scales on thorax, immediately behind isthmus. Dorsal spines feeble, but stiff and pungent. First spine equal to eye, last spine not quite twice eye. Soft dorsal higher than spinous part, longer ray equal to snout. Dorsal pointed behind. First anal spine very small, third longest, somewhat longer than eye. Anal spine stiff and pungent. soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals and ventrals, which have the first ray somewhat produced, sub equal, as long as head without snout. Caudal rounded. Least height of caudal peduncle equal to post orbital part of head. Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 13.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Labrus leucurus Walbaum, 1792
Labrus leucurus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Julis (Halichoeres) temmincki Bleeker, 1853
Julis (Halichoeres) kallopisos Bleeker, 1853
Platyglossus purpurescens Bleeker, 1862
Platyglossus marginatus Day, 1877
Halichoeres leucurus Fowler and Bean, 1928
Halichoeres leucurus Fowler, 1934
Halichoeres purpurascens Herre, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Greyhead wrasse (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-31

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