Sphyrna blochii   (Cuvier,  1816) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Carcharhiniformes
Family:Sphyrnidae

Description
Size: 150 cm

Color: Body uniform gray or gray brown, shading to white below; no markings on fins.

Body elongate and laterally compressed. Head hammer-shaped, extremely wide, its greatest width 42 to 50 % of total body length. Eyes and nostrils (nares) widely separated, situated more than half distance away from eye to anterior median notch; outer narial groove present. Upper precaudal pit merely a narrow longitudinal groove.


Synonym (s)
Zygaena blochii Cuvier, 1817
Sphyrna blochii Misra, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Arrow Headed Hammerhead (English)
• Sappa Sorrah (Telugu)
• Komban Sorrah (Tamil)
• Kahnankodi (Malayalam)
• Khan Mushi (Kannada)
• Kebichatte (Kannada)
• Zori (Marathi)
• Kanar (Marathi)
• Kannar (Gujarati)
• Hammer Headed Shark (English)
• Arrow Headed Hammer Head Shark (English)
• Kanmusi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; good liver oil of high vitamin A potency is obtained from this species.)

Ecology

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA (Record: 1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Keelakarai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hanfee, F (1999) Management of shark fisheries in two Indian coastal states: Tamil Nadu and Kerala Case studies of the management of elasmobranch fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 378 Rome, FAO Part 1 (11) Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X2097E/X2097E14.htm#ch11.
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Devadoss, P (1984) Nutritive values of sharks, skates and rays from Portonovo coast Indian Journal of Fisheries 31 (1) 156-161 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/440/
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Auxis fishery-net Available at - http://auxis.tripod.com/

Page last updated on:2012-02-22

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