Scorpaenodes parvipinnis   (Garrett,  1864) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Scorpaeniformes
Family:Scorpaenidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: Max length 14.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Pinkish, lower side lighter; lips barred with brown spots; 4 or 5 reddish brown vertical bands on sides of body, all bands except the last extending onto basal half of dorsal fin and small greenish brown spots on lower part of head. Fins yellowish with reddish brown spots on rays.

Head 2.3-2.4 in standard length, 2.9-3.1 in total length. Depth of body 2.7-2.8 in standard length, 3.4-3.5 in total length. Eye diameter 3.6 in head, equal to snout and 0.6 in concave interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of iris. One spine near anterior nostril, a preocular spine, a supraorbital ridge of 3 or 4 spines, coronal ridges short but ending posteriorly in a spine, one postfrontal spine, 2 spines on superior postorbital ridge, 4 spines on inferior postorbital ridge, suborbital with 7 or 8 spines, 3 spines on hind border of preopercle, 2 opercular spines and one spine on shoulder girdle. Anterior nostril with a mulltifid cap. Lower margin of preopercle and some scales of head and body with small cirri. Flaps present on preorbital. Fourth or fifth dorsal spine longest, almost equal to eye diameter; last dorsal spine longer than penultimate spine; second anal spine longer and stronger than third, about 1¾ eye diameter. Chin naked; maxilla, preopercle, opercle and snout scaled, those on snout minute. Bases of fins scaled. Occipital pit only slightly developed. Teeth in bands in jaws and in an angular patch on vomer, palatines edentulous.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 5; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 7, 10 or ii, 8, 9; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 26-27; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 50; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 7-8+1+14-15.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Paronescodes asperrimus Smith, 1958
(Junior synonym)
Scorpaena parvipinnis Garrett, 1864
(Senior synonym)
Scorpaenodes parvipinnis (Garrett, 1864)
(Senior synonym)
Scorpaenodes varipinnis (non Smith, 1957)
(Misapplied name)
Scorpaena parvipinnis Garrett, 1863
Scorpaenodes parvipinnis Smith, 1957

Common Name (s)
• Lowfin Scorpionfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Aquarium
Venomous)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SEYCHELLES

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-10

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