Acanthurus mata   (Cuvier,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max length 50.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Blackish brown with a few pale inconspicuous streaks on cheek, dorsal edge of gill opening blackish. Caudal spine in black sheath. All fins blackish.

Head 3.5 in standard length, 4.6 in total length. Depth of body 2.0 in standard length, 2.6 in total length. Eye diameter 4.4 in head, 2.6 in snout and about 1.5 in highly convex interorbital space. Teeth lobate and truncate, 8 on each side of upper jaw and 9 on each side of lower jaw. Pectoral fin as long as head, ventral fin shorter than pectoral. First spine of dorsal minute, subsequent spines increasing in length to the last measuring about 2½ times eye diameter. Caudal fin emarginate, lobes pointed.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 26; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 25; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 165; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 18+75.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Form resident spawning aggregations.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Acanthurus bleekeri Gunther, 1861
(Junior synonym)
Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829)
(Senior synonym)
Acanthurus weberi Ahl, 1923
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon mata Cuvier, 1829
(Senior synonym)
Hepatus weberi Ahl, 1923
(Junior synonym)
Acanthurus mata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835
Acanthurus gahm Munro, 1955
Chaetodon meta Cuvier, 1829

Common Name (s)
• Bluelined Surgeonfish (English)
• Pala (Malayalam)
• Surgeon Fish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, ornamental fish

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, S; Ganeshamurthy, R; Balamurugan, J and Kumar, TTA (2011) Reef fishing- An off season amusement at Lakshadweep Fishing chimes 31(1) 128-130 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Reef Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-09

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