Holothuria edulis   Lesson,  1830 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Image copyrights: David Harasti

Description
Size: Max length 35.0 cm TL (male); common length 20.0 cm TL (male)

Max. weight reported: 300 g

Color: A characteristic black or dark medio-dorsal band; coloration lighter laterally; trivium lighter, with small, dark dots.

Body cylindrical, elongate, eight rounded ends. Tegument rough. Podia sparse on bivium, ending in a small disc of around 100 micrometer in diameter; podia on trivium numerous, short and stout, distributed on the radii and interradii, their calcareous disc around 460 micrometer in diameter. Mouth ventral, surrounded by 20 grey tentacles. Anus sub dorsal. Calcareous ring with large radial pieces and narrow interradials. Cuvierian tubules absent. Spicules on tegument with tables and rosettes; tables with circular small disc, having a single hole in the middle, and bearing a spire ending in spines which may form a Maltese crown; presence of rosettes with holes (2 small and 2 larger holes); a second form of rosette with 6 holes and small perforated plates mostly found in the dorsal tegument; ventral podia with large plates and rods; dorsal podia with nodose rods or showing holes at their ends.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Lolly fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Scuba equipment USA - Marine species gallery Available at - http://www.scuba-equipment-usa.com/marine/index.html

Page last updated on:2010-09-06

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