Salarias edentulus   Bloch and Schneider  (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Color: Male coloration is variable with age among specimens from a single collection. There are no prominent markings that are always present, and the males are normally drab. The young have vertical black bands normally present on the body but in older specimens these may quite disappear. Old specimens are frequently uniformly dark all over except for the ventral side of the body which is paler. Frequently there is a dark line behind the eye, which mat have a silvery posterior border, and a dark dash down from the eye to the upper lip. When they are not obscured by melanism, there are normally several pale horizontal lines on the spiny dorsal and oblique lines on the soft dorsal, the lines may be broken into spots and dashes. Ordinarily the caudal is plain dusky but in paler specimens there may be traces of two indistinct broad dusky bands across it. The anal is normally plain with a dark submarginal band, but there may be two or three horizontal lines of pale dots. The pectoral is dusky but unmarked, the ventrals are paler, and unmarked. Females differ from the male strikingly in coloration in that the body is generally paler, the dorsal fins, the base of the caudal and the posterior, half of the body are covered thickly with prominent, small, black spots that are persistent in preservation.

Crest well developed in male, 2/3 eye in height sloping up gradually from front to highest point over posterior end, posterior end sharply rounded and projecting somewhat beyond base. No crest in female. Nasal cirrus of 3 to 5 slender filaments of approximately the same length borne palmately on a short pedicle, the whole organ about equal to the pupil in length. Supra orbital cirrus simple, nearly equal to eye in height and tapering to a point from a rather broad base (occasional large specimens, or specimens with an injured cirrus, with an irregular filament on one or the other supra orbital cirri). Nuchal cirrus slender, simple, pointed and equal to pupil in length. Cirri of female generally more slender and shorter than in male. Forehead gently rounded and not projecting. Both lips smooth. No canines. Depth 3.6-5.4. Head 5.-5.6. Dorsals approximately equal in length, notched to a little more than 1/2 their depth, with last spine about 1/3 length of first ray, membrane from last ray covering all secondary rays of caudal and reaching onto first large caudal ray, leaving only distal fifth of dorsal ray free. First few anal rays of large males occasionally somewhat swollen and crenulated. Longest pectoral rays a little shorter than head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Blennius edentulus Bloch and Schneider 1801
Salarias rivulatus Ruppell 1828
Salarias forsteri Cuvier and Valenciennes 1836
Salarias quadricornis Cuvier and Valenciennes
Blennius truncatus Forster Lichtenstein 1841
Salarias melanocephalus Bleeker 1849
Salarias forsteri Bleeker 1850
Salarias sumatranus Bleeker
Salarias quadricornis Peters 1855
Salarias diproktopterus Bleeker 1857
Salarias edentulus Gunther 1861
Salarias quadricornis Gunther
Salarias oortii Gunther
Salarias edentulus Bleeker 1865
Salarias truncatus Bleeker 1860
Salarias quadricornis Kner 1867
Salarias quadricornis Klunzinger 1871
Salarias edentulus Gunther 1876
Salarias quadricornis Gunther
Salarias quadricornis Day 1876
Salarias melanocephalus M. Weber 1895
Salarias edentulus Steindachner and Denkschr 1900
Salarias basiliscus Fowler 1904
Salarias edentulus Jordan and Evermann 1905
Salarias rivulatus Jordan and Seale 1906
Salarias edentulus Jordan and Seale
Salarias quadricornis Steindachner 1906
Salarias rivulatus Jordan and Richardson 1908
Salarias edentulus Jordan and Richardson
Salarias quadricornis Gilchrist and Thompson 1908
Salarias edentulus Kendall and Goldsborough 1911
Salarias edentulus Kendall and Radcliffe 1912
Salarias quadricornis Snyder 1912
Salarias sumatranus M. Weber 1913
Salarias rivulatus M. Weber
Salarias rivulatus McCulloch and McNeill 1918
Salarias rivulatus Barnard 1927
Salarias edentulus Fowler and Bean 1927
Salarias edentulus Fowler 1934
Salarias edentulus Herre 1936
Salarias edentulus Fowler 1928
Salarias edentulus Whitely and Colefax 1938
Salarias edentulus Herre 1939
Salarias edentulus Schultz 1943
Salarias fluctatus Fowler 1945
Salarias edentulus Fowler 1945

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar INDIA (Record: 1951)
• INDIA (Record: 1951)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-12-03

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