Salarias lineatus   Valenciennes  1836 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Color: Male crest with light vertical bands, margined by darker and broad as eye across it a little ahead of its middle, band fanning out broader at top and crest otherwise dusky, anterior dark margin of light band reaching down to posterior edge of eye, posterior dusky area of crest concentrating into narrow dark line below, which extends down over cheek to corner of mouth. Another similarly sharply defined, narrow, dark line extending from this point to postero-ventral corner of eye. A similar line from border of eye across upper lip, lower lip, and across chin to meet its mate on other side of head. Between these last two narrow dark lines a broad light band extends down from eye and across chin. Throat otherwise without spots or markings. A dusky spot, the size of pupil, directly behind eye, a half dozen similar, or smaller, spots on posterior cheek and opercle. Six pairs of sharply defined black spots, nearly as large as eye, along dorsal edge of body, and a seventh single spot at upper base of caudal. Form each of these spots a dusky streamer ascends obliquely up onto dorsal fin. Six roughly parallel, narrow, black lines run the length of body, always definable. Top one connected to nearly all black spots at base of dorsal, second sends off secondary shoots, is somewhat irregular, and is more or less broken into spots on caudal peduncle, third extends straight through to base of caudal, although irregular and sending off shoots in middle of body, fourth straight, but terminating before caudal peduncle reached, fifth broken up into spots on caudal peduncle, sixth faint over abdomen, straight, and terminating at end of base of anal. In some specimens there are only five lines, the top two or three may be more or less joined into a network by anastomosing offshoots, and the lower two may be more or less broken into spots on the caudal peduncle. Spiny dorsal with oblique alternating dark and light bands from base to edge. Soft dorsal with basal two thirds similarly marked, but distal third consisting of a band of five or six alternating, very narrow, dark and light lines parallel with fin edge. Anal pale and without markings except for narrow, marginal black band. Pectoral clear, with a vertical white band across its base margined on either side by sharply defined, narrow dark lines. Pelvics light and without markings. Abdomen and ventral edge of body pale. An indistinct, double dark spot at base of middle caudal rays, surrounded posteriorly by broad light band which shades off onto even duskiness of remainder of fin. No sharply defined spots on caudal or dorsal. Female abdomen and pelvics whiter than in male. Tips of anal rays white and only a narrow submarginal dusky band. Tips of dorsal rays also light and submarginal band dusky, but not made up of alternating light and dark bands. Both dorsals generally lighter in color than in male.

Crest very large in largest males, as long as head without snout and half as high as long; top evenly rounded but posterior end protruding beyond base to a length equal to eye and nearly reaching first dorsal spine. No trace of crest in females. Nasal cirrus half pupil in length, palmately divided into 4 or 5 simple filaments, little longer than short pedicle (one female examined had right nasal cirrus simple.) Proximal 2/3 of supra orbital cirrus broad and flat, the distal 1/3 tapering to a fine point, 4 or 5 tiny, short filaments on either side, cirrus about 2/3 height of eye in large specimens. No nuchal cirri. Forehead slightly protruding, most anterior point of snout even with lower margin of eye. Upper lip crenelate throughout length except at corners, but crenelation rather weak and irregular. Lower lip smooth. No canine teeth. Depth of body 6.3 to 7.0 in length. Length of head 4.7 to 4.8 in standard length. Anterior dorsal spines as high as anterior dorsal rays. Dorsal notch prominent but not reaching to base of fin, last dorsal spine short, buried at notch, but usually apparent. Last ray of dorsal bound to caudal peduncle by membrane which reaches over half of the secondary caudal rays, but not to first principle caudal ray. Longest pectoral rays shorter than head by length of snout. First anal rays not especially elongate or differentiated.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Salarias kingii Cuvier and Valenciennes 1836
Salarias lineatus Bleeker 1849
Salarias lineatus Bleeker 1850
Salarias lineatus Bleeker 1859
Salarias kingii Bleeker 1855
Salarias lineatus Bleeker 1858
Salarias lineatus Bleeker 1859
Salarias lineatus Bleeker 1859
Salarias lineatus Bleeker 1861
Salarias kingii Gunther 1861
Salarias lineatus Gunther 1861
Salarias lineatus Bleeker 1868
Salarias lineatus Bleeker 1878
Salarias lineatus Day 1870
Salarias lineatus Day 1873
Salarias lineatus Day 1888
Salarias lineatus Steindachner 1868
Salarias linearus Steindachner 1906
Salarias lineatus Seale 1906
Salarias lineatus Jordan and Seale 1906
Salarias lineatus Jordan and Dickerson 1908
Salarias lineatus Kendall and Goldsborough 1911
Salarias lineatus Kendall and Radcliffe 1912
Salarias lineatus Snyder 1912
Salarias lineatus M. Weber 1913
Salarias lineatus Zugmayer 1913
Salarias lineatus Jordan 1913
Salarias lineatus de Beaufort 1913
Salarias lineatus McCulloch and McNeil 1918
Salarias lineatus Fowler and Bean 1927
Salarias lineatus Fowler 1927
Salarias lineatus Fowler 1928
Salarias lineatus Fowler 1931
Salarias lineatus Fowler 1932
Salarias lineatus Fowler 1934
Salarias lineatus Fowler 1934
Salarias lineatus Whitley 1928
Salarias kingii McCulloch 1929
Salarias lineatus McCulloch 1929
Salarias lineatus Whitely 1932
Salarias lineatus Giltay 1933
Salarias lineatus Herre 1933
Salarias lineatus Herre 1934
Salarias lineatus Smith 1934
Salarius lineatus Suvatti 1936
Salarius lineatus Roxas and Martin 1937
Salarias lineatus Herre 1939
Salarias lineatus Herre 1939
Salarias lineatus Herre 1941
Salarias caudolineatus Herre 1939
Salarias lineatus Schultz 1943
Salarias lineatus Blegvad 1944
Salarias lineatus Fowler 1945

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1951)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA (Record: 1951)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-12-01

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