Callyodon taeniurus   (Valenciennes,  1965) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scaridae

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Description
Size: 35-185 mm

Color: Greyish brown; some specimens with greenish tinge, center of scales on sides of body sometimes darker, edges of lips often greyish green. Dorsal brownish with pale outer margin and a small dark spot on membrane between 1 and 2 spines. Anal brownish with a pale outer margin. Caudal brownish with a narrow white hind edge and sometimes 2 or 3 indistinct dark cross bands. Pectoral pale hyaline, a dark spot at base of upper pectoral rays. Anterior margin of ventral brownish, rest of the fin pale.

Head 2.8-3.1 in standard length, 3.4-3.7 in total length. Depth of body 2.8-3.0 in standard length, 3.4-3.6 in total length. Eye diameter 5.3-6.4 in head, 1.6-1.8 in snout and 1.5-1.7 in convex interorbital space. Two rows of scales on cheek, preopercle flange naked. Four scales before dorsal. Teeth whitish, lips broad, nearly covering the dental plates in small specimens and about 1/4 of dental plates uncovered in adults, a canine in upper jaw, none in the lower. Pectoral fin longer than head without snout. Caudal fin rounded in young, truncate in adults. Dorsal fin spines subequal, about 1¾ eye diameter, rays slightly longer.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 10; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 12 (13); number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 23-24; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+6½.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Scarus taeniurus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1839
Callyodon taeniurus Jones and Kumaran, 1965

Common Name (s)
• Alilandae
• Veesam
Economic Importance and Threats
(Ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• MAURITIUS
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1965) New records of fishes from the seas around India - Part III Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 7(2) 381-400 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1855/1/Jones_381-400.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8574/1/Murty.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-28

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