Coris gaimardi   (Quoy & Gaimard,  1824) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Labridae

Image copyrights: Joseph Dougherty

Description
Size: 49-300 mm.

Color: Dark purplish brown, slightly lighter below. A narrow brown or bluish green stripe from upper lip passing through eye to the base of second spine of dorsal; a broad band from posterior border of eye to the upper part of operculum and another from corner of mouth to below eye and downwards to suboperculum. A similar band from chin to origin of ventral. Dorsal and anal fins purple or brown with innumerable small bluish green spots and the outer one fourth of the fins blackish brown. Pectoral axil dark brown, the fin brownish. Ventral brown, the inner rays lighter.

Head 3.4 in standard length, 4.0 in total length. Depth of body 3.2 in standard length, 3.8 in total length. Eye diameter 7.4 in head, 2.4 in snout and about 1.8 in highly convex interorbital space. Teeth conical, in a single series in jaws, a pair of teeth anteriorly in each jaw canines and a canine at corner of mouth. First spine of dorsal fin as long as head, second spine about half length of first and longer than the following spines. Pectoral fin equal to head without snout. Ventral fins one eye diameter shorter than head. Mouth scarcely oblique. Lips moderately thick, plated. Maxillary nearly reaching to below posterior nostril. Preopercle smooth. Scales beginning above middle of eyes. About 20 rows of scales before dorsal. First and second dorsal spines long and flexible, not pungent, the first with a filament and longer than head without snout. Third and following spines divergent from the anterior ones, pungent but flexible, the third shorter than snout, the last equal to snout. The membranes between the spines not incised. Soft dorsal not higher than spinous part, pointed behind. First anal spine somewhat longer than eye, third longest, twice as long as eye. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals somewhat pointed, longer than head without snout. Second and still more so second ray of ventrals produced, about one eye diameter longer than pectorals. Caudal truncate or slightly rounded. Caudal peduncle short and deep, its least depth equal to post orbital part of head.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 12; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 12; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 76-80; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 6-8+30-31.


Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Julis gaimard Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Coris africana Smith and Smith, 1963
Coris gaimard Smith, 1949
Coris gaimardi de Beaufort, 1940
Coris gaimard africana Smith, 1957
Coris gaimard gaimard Smith, 1957
Coris greenovii de Beaufort, 1940
Labrus formosus Bennett, 1834
Julis gaimardi Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1839
Julis (Halichoeres) formosus Bleeker, 1853
Coris gaimardi Gunther, 1862
Coris gaimardi Bleeker, 1862
Coris pulcherrima Gunther, 1862
Coris formosa Gunther, 1866
Coris formosa Day, 1877
Coris pulcherrima Steindachner and Denkschr, 1900
Coris pulcherrima Seale, 1901
Julis gaimard Jenkins, 1904
Julis gaimard Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Julis pulcherrima Jordan and Seale, 1906
Coris gaimardi Gunther, 1909
Julis pulcherrima Kendall and Goldsborough, 1911
Coris pulcherrima M. Weber, 1913
Coris gaimard Fowler and Bean, 1928
Coris gaimard Fowler, 1931
Coris gaimard P. J. Schmidt, 1930
Coris pulcherrima Herre, 1936
Coris gaimard Fowler, 1938

Common Name (s)
• Didanagihikkae
• Kodiyan Nhola
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Ecology

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • CalPhotos Available at - http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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