Carcharhinus hemiodon   (Muller & Henle,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Carcharhiniformes
Family:Carcharhinidae

Image copyrights: Devarapalli, P.

Description
Size: Max length 200 cm TL (male/unsexed).

Color: Back dark grey, belly white.

Body slender and fusiform. Snout short and broadly rounded; labial folds rudimentary or absent. Teeth in numerous rows, upper teeth triangular, slightly oblique, cusps of upper lateral teeth smooth edged or weakly serrated, upper anterior teeth with narrow cusps and well delimited from bases; teeth in lower jaw with erect and narrow cusps, either smooth edged or weakly serrated on outer basal portion. First dorsal fin with narrow distally pointed or rounded tips, its origin over pectoral insertions; second dorsal fin high, its inner margin less than twice the fin length; pectoral fins falcate. A dermal ridge present between dorsal fins.

Dioecious, internal (oviduct) fertilization, internal live bearers. Distinct pairing with embrace. Viviparous, placental.


Synonym (s)
Carcharias hemiodon Muller & Henle, 1839
(Senior synonym)
Carcharias watu Setna & Sarangdhar, 1946
(Ambiguous synonym)
Hypoprion atripinna Chu, 1960
(Ambiguous synonym)
Hypoprion atripinnis Chu, 1960
(Junior synonym)
Hypoprion hemiodon (Muller & Henle, 1839)
(Senior synonym)
Carcharias (Hypoprion) hemiodon Valenciennes, 1841
Carcharias hemiodon Day, 1878
Hypoprion hemiodon Misra, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Long Nosed Shark (English)
• Pondicherry Shark (English)
• Pal Sorrah (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; utilized fresh for human consumption.)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(This apparently rare shark occurs (or occurred) in inshore localities and habitats subject to large, expanding, and unregulated artisanal and commercial fisheries.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans
IUCN Status:  Critically Endangered

Biogeography


• East Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• INDONESIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/March/o198526iii09166-169.pdf
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4056/1/Special_Publn_95.pdf
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6060/
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-28

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