Halichoeres kawarin   (Bleeker,  1852) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 21-112 mm.

Color: Bluish green above, yellowish below. Head with an oblique bluish band from upper lip to eye, light bluish bands between occiput and upper part of snout, a bluish black vertical streak posterior to the eye and an oblique bluish band on cheek and another on opercle. An oblique streak before base of pectoral and another posterior to its base. Three or four streaks on the anterior part of body continued as two irregular blotches, one between dorsal and anal and the other on caudal peduncle. Spinous dorsal white with indistinct markings, soft dorsal with two rows of greyish rings and often a large blotch between 1st to 4th rays. Anal dusky with a median band. Caudal with some vertical streaks. Pectoral and ventral hyaline.

Head 3.0-3.2 in standard length, 3.6-3.8 in total length. Depth of body 3.1-3.4 in standard length, 3.8-4.2 in total length. Snout 3.0-3.3 in head. Eye diameter 1.6-1.8 in snout and about 1.2 in almost flat interorbital space. Teeth pointed, anterior pair in both jaws moderate canines; a canine at corner of mouth. Pectoral fin shorter than head without snout. Ventral fin with the first ray produced, equal to pectoral fin. Head naked, excepting above, where the scales begin above hind border of eye. About 9 rows of scales before dorsal, these scales much smaller than those of side of body. Similar small scales immediately behind isthmus. Dorsal spine stiff and pungent. First spine slightly less than eye. Spines increasing in length posteriorly, the last spine about as long as snout. Soft dorsal slightly higher than posterior part of spinous dorsal, not much pointed behind. First anal spine minute, third longest, longer than eye but shorter than snout. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Pectorals and ventrals, the latter with the first ray produced, subequal and almost as long as head without snout. Caudal fin rounded. Lateral line continuous.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 11; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 10-11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 27-29; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 1+8.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Julis (Halichoeres) kawarin Bleeker, 1852
Halichoeres kawarin de Beaufort, 1940
Platyglossus kawarin Day, 1878
Halichoeres kawarin Bleeker, 1862
Platyglossus kawarin Gunther, 1862
Platyglossus kawarin Day, 1877
Platyglossus kawarin Gunther, 1909
Halichoeres kawarin Fowler, 1928

Common Name (s)
• Rybanduhikkae
• Nhola
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8574/1/Murty.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-08

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