Halichoeres notopsis   (Valenciennes,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 12-100 mm

Color: Purplish brown with a dark spot for each scale. Dorsal brown with three or four longitudinal or slightly oblique light bands or streaks and a narrow white margin. A small black ocellus between 1st and 2nd dorsal spines and a large black ocellus surrounded by white usually between 2nd and 5th dorsal rays. Anal with four longitudinal or oblique lighter bands or streaks. Caudal brown with white distal margin. Ventral brownish. Young greenish brown with five or six broad dark brown bands on head and body. Dorsal with a black spot between first and second spines and a large blotch anteriorly on soft dorsal. Dorsal and anal with light blotches.

Head 3.2-3.4 in standard length, 3.9-4.2 in total length. Depth of body 2.7-2.9 in standard length, 3.3-3.5 in total length. Snout 3.2-3.4 in head. Eye diameter 1.3-1.6 in snout and about 1.2 in convex interorbital space. Mouth small, horizontal, almost in the level of the lower border of the eye. Teeth in a single row, the front pair in each jaw canines. A canine at corner of mouth. Pectoral fin slightly longer than head without snout. Ventral fin equal to or slightly longer than postorbital part of head. Head naked, excepting above, where the scales begin behind hind margin of eye. About 15 rows of scales before dorsal, smaller than those of the body, especially anteriorly. Similar small scales on thorax, immediately behind isthmus, but not extending as far as pectorals or ventrals, where the scales are much larger. Dorsal spines stiff and pungent. First spine equal to half diameter of eye, last spine one eye diameter and a half. Soft dorsal higher than spinous part, longest ray twice as long as eye. Dorsal truncate behind. First anal spine minute, third longest, somewhat longer than eye. Pectorals as long as head without snout. Ventrals without produced rays, as long as postorbital part of head. Caudal rounded.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 12; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 12; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 27-29; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3+1+10.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Julis notopsis Valenciennes, 1839
Halichoeres notopsis de Beaufort, 1940
Platyglossus notopsis Day, 1878
Julis notopsis Bleeker, 1849
Julis (Halichoeres) notopsis Bleeker, 1853
Platyglossus notopsis Bleeker, 1862
Platyglossus notopsis Gunther, 1871
Platyglossus notopsis Jordan and Seale, 1906
Platyglossus notopsis Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Platyglossus notopsis Gunther, 1909
Platyglossus notopsis Snyder, 1912
Halichoeres notopsis Jordan and Starks, 1917
Halichoeres notopsis Fowler and Bean, 1928
Halichoeres notopsis Fowler, 1928
Halichoeres notopsis Herre, 1936

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2001) Ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India 56 103-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8574/1/Murty.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-09

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