Thalassoma quinquevittata   (Lay & Bennett,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Labridae

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Description
Size: 80-120 mm

Color: Brownish violet, lighter below with two pale to bluish longitudinal bands on sides bordered above and below by blackish. One such band from nape to upper caudal rays and the other from above pectoral to median caudal rays. Five pale bluish to dusky bands radiating from eye; one from dorsal edge of eye to mid-dorsal line, one from posterior border of eye to opercle, sometimes connected posteriorly by an oblique black band from occiput, two from a common origin below eye bifurcating, the first to lower side of head and the second continued on opercle. Two violet bands obliquely downwards from gill opening, one along the base of pectoral and the other parallel to it a little below pectoral base. Dorsal pale white basally and light brown distally, the two colors well differentiated. A black blotch between first three dorsal spines. Ventral and anal fins pale. Caudal pale yellowish, the upper and lower rays brown or violet. Dorsal edge of base of pectoral blackish, tip of the fin dusky.

Head 3.0-3.3 in standard length, 3.6-4.0 in total length. Depth of body 3.4-3.7 in standard length, 4.0-4.4 in total length. Snout 2.8-3.0 in head. Eye diameter 1.5-2.0 in snout and 1.2-1.5 in convex interorbital space. Teeth in a single row in jaws, the front pair moderate canines in each jaw. Pectoral fin one eye diameter shorter than head. Ventral fin shorter than postorbital part of head. Lateral line continuous.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: VIII, 13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 14; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 27-29; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3+1+9-10.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Scarus quinquevittatus Lay and Bennett, 1839
Julis guntheri Bleeker, 1862
Thalassoma guntheri de Beaufort, 1940
Thalassoma quinquevittata Jones, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Nuhikkae
• Nhola
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ornamental fish)

Ecology

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Red Sea (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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