Thalassoma amblycephalus   (Bleeker,  1856) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Labridae

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Description
Size: 38-50 mm

Color: Dorsal half brownish with a dark brown band from interorbital space along mid-dorsal line and becoming obscure below last dorsal rays, lower half of head and body yellowish white, the two colors separated by a dark longitudinal band from snout through eye to base of caudal; scales along this band with darker vertical stripes. Spinous dorsal and basal two third of soft dorsal brown, outer margin white. Anal pale yellowish with a submarginal narrow dusky line. Upper third of base of pectoral black. Caudal pale yellowish, except outer rays which are dusky. Pectoral and ventral yellowish.

Head 3.2-3.3 in standard length, 3.9-4.1 in total length. Depth of body 4.1-4.2 in standard length, 5.1-5.3 in total length. Eye diameter 4.0-4.3 in head, 1.1-1.2 in snout and 0.9-1.0 in convex interorbital space. Teeth in jaws in a single series, anterior pair in each jaw moderate canines. Head naked. Pectoral fin as long as fin without snout. Ventral fin shorter, as long as snout and eye together. Distal margin of caudal fin concave.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: VIII, 13; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, (10) 11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 13; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 27-28; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2½+1+10.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Julis amblycephalus Bleeker 1856
Thalassoma amblycephalus Munro 1955
Thalassoma amblycephalus de Beaufort 1940

Common Name (s)
• Bipeng Hikkae
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1866/1/Article_04.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-02

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