Abudefduf bengalensis   (Bloch,  1787) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 16-17 cm.

Color: Greenish brown above, paler below. Sides with 7 vertical dark brown bands, narrower than the pale interspaces. Vertical fins dusky to brownish. Ventral dusky basally, pale posteriorly. Pectoral light yellowish with a black spot at origin of fin.

Head 2.9-3.2 in standard length, 3.9-4.2 in total length. Depth of body 1.6-1.8 in standard length, 2.2-2.4 in total length. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching to below nostril. Eye diameter 3.3-3.7 in head, equal to or slightly more than snout and 1.0-1.3 in interorbital space. Teeth truncate, in a single series in jaws. Preorbital naked, suborbital with a few scales. Scales on upper part of head reaching almost to nostrils. 3 ½ rows of scales on preopercle, a narrow inferior and posterior limbs naked. Pectoral fin as long as head, ventral fin equal to or slightly longer than pectoral. First dorsal spine less than eye, third and following subequal, longest, and as long as snout and half eye. Soft dorsal pointed, much higher than spinous part, the longest rays almost equal to head. First anal spine less than second, which is equal to snout and half eye or to snout and eye in young ones. Soft anal pointed, less deep than dorsal, the longest rays equal to head without snout. Pectorals equal to head, ventrals with the first ray produced, longer than head. Caudal forked, the lobes rounded. Three or four scales between lateral line and scaly sheath of dorsal below last spine.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XIII, 13-14; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 13-14; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 16; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 20-21+8; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 3 ½ +1+11-12.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Abudefduf septemfasciatus (non Cuvier, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Chaetodon bengalensis Bloch, 1787
(Senior synonym)
Glyphidodon affinis Gunther, 1862
(Junior synonym)
Glyphisodon palmeri Ogilby, 1918
(Junior synonym)
Labrus macrogaster Lacepede, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon bengalensis Bloch, 1787
Abudefduf bengalensis de Beaufort, 1940
Glyphidodon bengalensis Day, 1878
Glyphisodon bengalensis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Glyphisodon bengalensis Schlegel and Muller, 1841
Glyphisodon bengalensis Bleeker, 1847
Glyphidodon bengalensis Gunther, 1862
Glyhidodon bengalensis Kner, 1865
Glyphidodon (Glyphidodon) bengalensis Bleeker, 1877
Abudefduf bengalensis M. Weber, 1913
Abudefduf bengalensis Montalban, 1927
Abudefduf bengalensis Fowler and Bean, 1928
Abudefduf bengalensis Fowler, 1928
Abudefduf sexfasciatus Chevey, 1932
Abudefduf saxatilis Fowler, 1936
Abudefduf bengalensis Hora and Mukerji, 1936
Abudefduf bengalensis Herre, 1936
Glyphidodon bengalensis Capello, 1871

Common Name (s)
• Burang (Mahl)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Algae, gastropods, and small crabs


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 06/03/1987-01/04/1987)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, RR and Edward, JKP (2005) Comparative study on the fish assemblages in natural and artificial reefs in Tuticorin, Gulf of Mannar, Southeast coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 99-104 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-08

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