Pomacentrus littoralis   Cuvier,  1830 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 11-12.7 cm.

Color: Head and body uniform bluish brown. Blackish spot just below origin of lateral line. Spinous dorsal brown, distal margin darker. Soft dorsal, anal and ventral darker than body. Pectoral pale. Caudal brown.

Head 3.2 in standard length, 4.1 in total length. Depth of body 2.1 in standard length, 2.7 in total length. Mouth somewhat oblique. Eye diameter 3.3 in head, slightly more than snout and equal to interorbital space. Teeth in two rows in jaws. Preorbital with a strong spine posteriorly; suborbital strongly spinate. Hind border of preopercle with strong but blunt spines. Scales on upper part of head reaching to nostrils. Three rows of scales on preopercle, posterior limb naked. Pectoral and ventral fins subequal, equal to head. Generally two, but occasionally three transverse rows of scales on preopercle, besides a row on inferior limb. A narrow posterior limb naked. Scales on upper part of head reaching to between nostrils. Dorsal spines slightly increasing in length posteriorly, the last spine equal to snout and eye together. Membranes between the spine deeply incised. Soft dorsal rounded or slightly pointed, the median rays longest and half length of snout shorter than head. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is equal to or somewhat shorter than last dorsal spine, but much stronger. Ventrals with the first ray produced about equal to length of head. Pectorals somewhat shorter. Caudal forked, the lobes rounded.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XIII, 15; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, 16; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 15; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 18+9; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 2+1+9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Pomacentrus littoralis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Pomacentrus littoralis Schlegel and Muller, 1841
Pomacentrus littoralis Bleeker, 1853
Pomacentrus littoralis Gunther, 1862
Pomacentrus (Pseudopomacentrus) littoralis Bleeker, 1877
Pomacentrus littoralis Day, 1877
Pomacentrus littoralis Klunzinger, 1880
Pomacentrus littoralis Gunther, 1881
Pomacentrus littoralis Macleay, 1881
Pomacentrus littoralis Sauvage, 1891
Pomacentrus littoralis Jordan and Seale, 1906
Pomacentrus littoralis Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Pomacentrus burroughi Fowler, 1918
Pomacentrus littoralis Fowler and Bean, 1928
Pomacentrus littoralis Fowler, 1928
Pseudopomacentrus littoralis Whitley, 1929
Pseudopomacentrus littoralis McCulloch, 1929
Pomacentrus littoralis Duncker and Mohr, 1929
Pomacentrus littoralis Fowler, 1934
Pomacentrus littoralis Herre, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Padatham (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Plants, detritus


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 05/01/1987-06/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/569/1/Bulletin_8.pdf
  • Kumaran, M; Murty, VS and Lalmohan, RS (1989) Resources of ornamental fishes Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 46-64 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3536/1/Special_Publication_No_72.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-09-02

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